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The Wildlife of Canyonlands National Park day-seminar will be led by Dr. Tim Graham, a biologist formerly with the US Geological Survey staff in Moab. Explore a variety of habitats in and near the Needles District of Canyonlands National Park. Celebrate and examine the diversity of small animals living in these semi-arid environments.

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ANSI denies ACCT appeal of ANSI grant of standards to PRCA


Rockford, IL 8-30-2014
ANSI/PRCA American National Standard UPHELD
The Association for Challenge Course Technology appeal to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Board of Standard Review (BSR) regarding the ANSI/PRCA American National Standard (ANS) is denied. The ANSI/PRCA American National Standard, safety standards for Ropes Courses, Aerial Adventure Parks and Ziplines remains current and ANSI approved.
After years of accusations and appeals by the ACCT to ANSI, to have the PRCA American National Standard suspended and/or revoked, the ANSI BSR refused to suspend the approval of the ANS during the appeal period; then on August 14, 2014 the ANSI BSR issued a formal decision upholding its previous approval of the current ANSI/PRCA 1.0-.3-2014 standard as an American National Standard (March 2014).This is welcome and great news for the industry which has recently endured the tragedies of employee fatalities and has long awaited the opportunity to train and certify its own staff without having to resort to outside vendors.”It validates our hard work and the attempts to bridge our differences with ACCT over the years,” states Steve Gustafson, President of the PRCA Board of Directors. The recent ANSI BSR decision bears out the many actions taken since 2006 by the PRCA to attempt collaboration with the ACCT per as ANSI BSR October 2006 decision. These included offers to issue a joint ANS with the ACCT. Gustafson goes on to state, “We are especially pleased that our outreach efforts and thousands of volunteer hours developing these industry consensus based safety standards have been recognized and may be finally brought into the public light for the benefit of the entire industry.”ACCT had previously filed an appeal with ANSI (2006) to have the PRCA’s ANSI Accredited Standard Developer status revoked, that appeal was also denied.
(Excerpts from ANSI BSR decision letter)ANSI BOARD OF STANDARDS REVIEW (BSR)SUMMARY DECISIONIn response to the appeal filed by the Association for Challenge Course Technology (ACCT) with the ANSI Board of Standards Review (BSR) in connection with its decision to approve PRCA 1.0-.3- 2014 Ropes Challenge Course Installation, Operation & Training Standards as an American National Standard (ANS), the ANSI BSR denies the appeal and upholds its prior decision to approve.
Represented by:
Mr. Dan Bart, Attorney & ACCT Consultant
Mr. James Borishade, Executive Director, ACCT
Mr. Don Stock, The Adventure Guild, ZIPStream Aerial AdventuresRespondent:
Represented by:
Mr. Mike Barker, VP PRCA Board of Directors
Mr. Steve Oksala, PRCA Consultant
Mr. Steve Peluso, AttorneyHearing Date: August 7, 2014
Hearing Location: ANSI, New YorkANSI Board of Standards Review Panel
Mr. Paul Bralower
Ms. Gabriella Davis
Ms. Cristine Fargo
Mr. Steve Ferguson, Chair
Ms. Megan Hayes
Ms. Pat McGuillicuddy
Ms. Nathalie Rioux

I. Introduction
ACCT (Appellant) appeals the decision of the ANSI Board of Standards Review (BSR), issued on March 3, 2014, to approve PRCA 1.0-.3-2014 Ropes Challenge Course Installation, Operation & Training Standards as an American National Standard (ANS).

An appeals hearing was held by the BSR on August 7, 2014. For the reasons set forth below, the BSR denies the appeal and upholds its prior decision to approve.

The BSR finds that ACCT has not provided sufficient or compelling evidence to warrant the withdrawal of the approval of PRCA 1.0-.3-2014 as an American National Standard. While PRCA’s standards development process necessitated corrective actions prior to the BSR’s final decision to approve, those actions were taken to the satisfaction of the BSR and we believe that due process was afforded ACCT and other participants.

Accordingly, in light of the written evidence and oral testimony presented by all parties and based on the specific discussions set forth earlier in this decision, the ANSI BSR denies the appeal and finds that its prior decision to approve PRCA 1.0-.3-2014 as an ANS was appropriate. As a result, PRCA 1.0-.3-2014 remains an approved American National Standard.

(Read the full decision here)

If you would like to purchase a copy of the ANSI/PRCA American National Standard, please visit the PRCA website and become a member or purchase a copy without membership. Once your registration is completed, you will received a licensed copy of the standard in your electronic mail.

Zip line put away for the season still found and plaintiff gets injured on rigged system.

4H Camp not liable for group of people who rig a zip line and borrow a ladder to get to the platform.

(Permanent URL)

Herberchuk v. Essex County 4H Club Camp, Inc. et al., 1999 Mass. Super. LEXIS 99

Date of the Decision: 1999

Plaintiff: Alicia Herberchuk

Defendant: Essex County 4H Club Camp, Inc and Teleglobe Communications, Inc.

Plaintiff Claims: negligence

Defendant Defenses: no duty owed

Holding: for the defendants

The plaintiff attended an event with other employees at a 4H camp that had been rented for the event. The event was not sponsored by the defendant employer Teleglobe but was an event for employees of Teleglobe.

The camp had a zip wire which had been closed for the season. The ladder leading up to the platform for the launch of the zip line had been removed and there was no pulley, harness or other equipment at the zip wire. The plaintiff had noticed upon her arrival that there was no ladder leading up to the platform.

A ladder had been found, and other people at the event were using the zip wire by holding on to a green nylon rope to ride down the wire. The plaintiff decided she wanted to ride the wire. She climbed up the ladder. The ladder that had been found did not reach the platform, and the plaintiff had to pull herself up to the platform.

The plaintiff grabbed the nylon roped and leaped off the platform where she fell injuring herself. The plaintiff sued the 4H camp and her employer. The defendants filed motions for summary judgment, which was granted by the trial court. The plaintiff appealed.

Summary of the case

The first issue presented was the duty of the landowner, the 4H camp to the attendees.

A property owner has a duty to maintain its property “in a reasonably safe condition in view of all the circumstances, including the likelihood of injury to others, the seriousness of the injury, and the burden of avoiding the risk.” A defendant is not required to “supply a place of maximum safety, but only one, which would be safe to a person who exercises such minimum care as the circumstances reasonably indicate.” “A landowner has no duty to protect lawful visitors on his property from risks that would be obvious to persons of average intelligence.”

The court took notice that the camp had removed all the equipment to operate the zip wire, including the ladder. The plaintiff still decided to use the zip wire knowing this. The 4H camp did not have a duty to warn the plaintiff of the dangers of the zip wire because the dangers were obvious with no safety equipment or instruction on how to use it. “There is no duty to warn of dangers obvious to persons of average intelligence.”

The appellate court agreed with the trial court and dismissed the claims against the landowner, the 4H camp.

The next claim was against the employer of the plaintiff. This claim was thrown out even faster. The event was not sponsored by Teleglobe; the money for the event came from employees through a raffle. Finally, the plaintiff was not required to attend the event as part of her employment and was not paid to be there.

So Now What?

As we all know, if there is a way to have more fun or get injured humans can find it and do it.  About the only thing you could do in this case is taking the platform down or hiding all ladders at the camp.

As a landowner always understand your obligations to people on your land, whether they pay to be there or not.

If your employees want to do something like this, understand your corporate responsibilities in assisting or not assisting in the event.

What do you think? Leave a comment.

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FaceBook, Twitter or LinkedIn

Copyright 2014 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law


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Herberchuk v. Essex County 4H Club Camp, Inc. et al., 1999 Mass. Super. LEXIS 99

Herberchuk v. Essex County 4H Club Camp, Inc. et al., 1999 Mass. Super. LEXIS 99

Alicia Herberchuk v. Essex County 4H Club Camp, Inc. et al.



1999 Mass. Super. LEXIS 99

March 11, 1999, Decided

JUDGES: [*1] Raymond J. Brassard, Justice of the Superior Court.




Plaintiff, Alicia Herberchuk (“Ms. Herberchuk”), brought this action for recovery of damages for injuries sustained while on land owned by defendant, Essex County 4H Club Camp, Inc. (“4H”), while attending an outing accompanied by co-workers employed by defendant, Teleglobe Communications, Inc. (“Teleglobe”). The plaintiff alleges that the injuries were caused by the negligence of the defendants and that there are genuine issues of material fact which preclude the entry of summary judgment on the issue of liability. For the reasons set forth below, defendants’ motions for summary judgment are ALLOWED.


Viewing the facts available at this summary judgment stage in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party, Ms. Herberchuk, the undisputed facts are as follows.

On August 28, 1993, Ms. Herberchuk attended an employee outing at a campground owned by 4-H. The campground had been rented through a third party under the name of Teleglobe by certain of its employees, but not by Teleglobe itself. At the cookout [*2] Ms. Herberchuk observed other guests using an apparatus known as a zipwire. The zipwire was used by children who attended the 4H’s camp during the summer months. Using the zipwire involved climbing up a ladder which reached to a platform mounted on a tree, and then leaving the platform to traverse the entire length of the wire. Proper use of the zipwire required a safety helmet, a safety harness, a drag line, and several people assisting the rider. The zipwire also included an 8 inch square 2,000 pound-test pulley to which the safety harness was attached. At the end of the camping season all removable equipment, including the safety equipment, was required to be removed from the zipwire, leaving only the cable and the platform.

On the date in question, a ladder found on or near the campground was propped against the tree upon which the platform was mounted by unidentified parties allowing guests to access the zipwire. Hanging from the zipwire was a nylon rope described as green in color which other guests were using to slide down the wire. No rules or instructions on how to use the zipwire were posted on or near the apparatus on the day in question. After watching several other [*3] people use the zipwire, Ms. Herberchuk decided she wanted to use the apparatus. In order to reach the zipwire, the plaintiff climbed the ladder. Although the ladder did not reach the platform at the end of the wire, Ms. Herberchuk was able to reach the platform by pulling herself up by her hands. Once on the platform Ms. Herberchuk wrapped the rope around her hands as she had seen others do and pushed herself off. Instead of traveling down the wire, however, Ms. Herberchuk fell to the ground sustaining serious injuries, including two elbow fractures and a fractured jaw. As result of these events Ms. Herberchuk commenced this lawsuit against 4H and Teleglobe. Both 4H and Teleglobe have moved for summary judgment on the issue of liability.


[HN1] Summary judgment shall be granted where there are no issues of material fact and the moving party is entitled to as a matter of law. Kourouvacilis v. General Motors Corp., 410 Mass. 706, 716, 575 N.E.2d 734 (1991); Cassesso v. Comm’r of Correction, 390 Mass. 419, 422, 456 N.E.2d 1123 (1983); Community Nat’l Bank v. Dawes, 369 Mass. 550, 553, 340 N.E.2d 877 (1976); Mass.R.Civ.P. 56(c). The moving party bears the burden of affirmatively demonstrating the [*4] absence of a triable issue and that, therefore, she is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Pederson v. Time, Inc., 404 Mass. 14, 17, 532 N.E.2d 1211 (1989). If the moving party establishes the absence of a triable issue, in order to defeat a motion for summary judgment, the opposing party must respond and allege facts which would establish the existence of disputed material facts. Id.

[HN2] A judge, when ruling on a motion for summary judgment must consider “the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, in determining whether summary judgment is appropriate.” Flesner v. Technical Communications Corporation et al., 410 Mass. 805, 807, 575 N.E.2d 1107 (1991). Where no genuine issue of material fact exists, “the judge must ask himself not whether he thinks the evidence unmistakably favors one side or the other but whether a fair-minded jury could return a verdict for the plaintiff on the evidence presented.” Id. citing Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 252, 91 L. Ed. 2d 202, 106 S. Ct. 2505 (1986).

1. The Claim Against 4-H.

[HN3] A property owner has a duty to maintain its property [*5] “in a reasonably safe condition in view of all the circumstances, including the likelihood of injury to others, the seriousness of the injury, and the burden of avoiding the risk.” Mounsey v. Ellard, 363 Mass. 693, 708, 297 N.E.2d 43 (1973). A defendant is not required to “supply a place of maximum safety, but only one which would be safe to a person who exercises such minimum care as the circumstances reasonably indicate.” Toubiana v. Priestly, 402 Mass. 84, 88, 520 N.E.2d 1307 (1988). “A landowner has no duty to protect lawful visitors on his property from risks that would be obvious to persons of average intelligence.” Id. at 89.

In the present case, Ms. Herberchuk claims there are genuine issues of fact concerning the condition in which the zipwire was kept, as well as, what actions 4-H took to prevent unauthorized use of the apparatus. The evidence on the record, for the purposes of this motion, includes affidavits from both Ms. Herberchuk and Mr. Charles G. Ingersoll, a member of the 4-H Board of Trustees, as well as exhibits, including photographs of the area immediately before the accident.

In his affidavit, Mr. Ingersoll states that, while not having [*6] a specific memory of doing so the summer during which Ms. Herberchuk was injured, it was his practice to remove and put away for the winter all those removable parts and safety equipment associated with the zipwire at the end of each camping season (before the outing). Mr. Ingersol also stated that the ladder used by the plaintiff to get to the platform was not one of those presently used by the camp and that the pulley was not on the line the day of the outing. Ms. Herberchuk admitted in her affidavit that when she first arrived at the outing there was no ladder attached to the tree and that when she attempted to make her way to the platform she had to pull herself up because the wooden ladder placed there did not reach the platform. Ms. Herberchuk stated further that she did not know if the pulley was attached to the wire or where the strap had come from.

[HN4] “The question to be decided is whether the jury reasonably could have concluded that, in view of all the circumstances, an ordinarily prudent person in the defendant’s position would have taken steps, not taken by the defendant, to prevent the accident that occurred.” Id. at 89. In this case the evidence shows that 4-H [*7] had removed both the ladder and the safety equipment used with the zipwire during the camping season. Upon arriving at the outing Ms. Herberchuk saw no ladder allowing entry to the platform rendering the zipwire inaccessible, it being twenty feet above the ground. Ms. Herberchuk chose to use the zipwire without the benefit of safety equipment or instructions on the use of the device. Ms. Herberchuk also admitted in her deposition that she knew there was a chance she could be injured but decided to use the apparatus. Further, 4-H did not have a duty to warn Ms. Herberchuk of the obvious dangers involved with using the zipwire without safety equipment or instruction. “There is no duty to warn of dangers obvious to persons of average intelligence.” Thorson v. Mandell, 402 Mass. 744, 749, 525 N.E.2d 375 (1988). On this evidence, a fair minded jury could not return a verdict for the plaintiff.

2. The Claim Against Teleglobe.

[HN5] “Before liability for negligence can be imposed there must first be a legal duty owed by the defendant to the plaintiff, and a breach of that duty proximately resulting in the injury.” Davis v. Westwood Group, 420 Mass. 739, 743, 652 N.E.2d 567 (1995). [*8] Ms. Herberchuk urges that Teleglobe played a part in the organization and funding of the outing at which the plaintiff was injured. The evidence, however, is to the contrary. First, the outing was organized by Teleglobe employees because the company no longer sponsored such events. Second, the money to pay for the outing was raised by a group of employees independent of Teleglobe through the use of a raffle. Finally, Ms. Herberchuk’s attendance was not required by her employment and she received no compensation for attending. On this evidence a reasonable jury could not find that Teleglobe owed any duty to Ms. Herberchuk.


For the foregoing reasons, it is hereby ORDERED that defendants’, 4-H and Teleglobe, motions for summary judgment are ALLOWED.

Raymond J, Brassard

Justice of the Superior Court

Dated: March 11, 1999

An Automobile Club that is concerned about the Environment: You should join!

I’ve posted about the Better World Club several times because they provide bicycle as well as automobile breakdown insurance. Car needs a jump call the Better World Club. Bike breaks a wheel, call the Better World Club.

The Better World Club started because its competitor supported the petroleum industry (and pollution). That is another important message that gets lost. Check them out, read the email below.

July, 2014
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5a12e896-de07-4d67-8580-dbcf29392ee6.pngIn reaction to EPA’s increasingly rigid environmental regulations and Obama’s squeeze on carbon emissions, diesel truck drivers are using a technique that originated in truck-pull competitions to deliberately emit clouds of black soot onto individuals and, their favorite target, Prius drivers.

The technique is known as: rolling coal.

So, how do Rollers get huge puffs of grimy smoke to billow out of their exhaust? By modifying their vehicle to dump excess fuel into the motor, which originally served the purpose of allowing truck-pull drivers to carry a weighted sled farther and faster. It’s highly inefficient to say the least, as the black smoke is essentially fuel that hasn’t been burned. The whole arrangement doesn’t come cheap either. Modifying one’s vehicle to roll coal can cost anywhere from $500 to $5,000.

To top that off, it could get you a hefty ticket.

The modification itself violates EPA regulations — making the whole thing quite illegal:

“It is a violation of the [Clean Air Act] to manufacture, sell, or install a part for a motor vehicle that bypasses, defeats, or renders inoperative any emission control device.”(Source)

65b4fb5c-4d7a-41cd-bccc-180a033ae215.jpgAnd that’s exactly what one does to “roll coal.”

But does any of this really matter to coal rollers? Probably not. And since this is supposedly an anti-environmental “protest” the fact that diesel exhaust is one of the nation’s most pervasive sources of toxic air pollution, and black carbon, a component of diesel pollution, is one of the largest drivers of climate change…well, that probably doesn’t matter to them either.

How about the fact that, much like second-hand cigarette smoke, diesel exhaust is carcinogenic? Maybe then they should stop sticking their heads down their smokestacks.

Unlike second-hand cigarette smoke, however, the victims of coal rolling aren’t innocent by-standers. No, they are the targets of this abuse that not only hurts the environment, but makes people sick.

Scientific studies link pollutants in diesel exhaust to a myriad of public health effects, including asthma attacks, heart attacks, stroke, cancer, and premature death.

Also, inhaling diesel fumes is a great way to kill brain cells. (Hmmm…perhaps that’s the explanation.)

5d983231-dfd4-444f-87fa-d6af2cf7b36f.jpgRecently, those who subscribe to this subculture have been getting bold by using social media to promote and parade these ignorant stunts.

Watch one of their many YouTube videos here :Diesels Rolling Coal on PEOPLE 2014 Compilation

What to do besides roll up your windows and turn off your vents:

  • If you’re a member of Better World Club you’re already doing something: BWC is currently configuring a carbon offset plan specifically designed to combat coal rolling.
  • Join the Diesel Clean-up Campaign!Clean Air Task Forceand state-based partners launched the national Diesel Clean-up Campaign. To learn more, and to take action in support of this campaign, please visit theDiesel Clean-up Campaign.

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Huffington Post
Fox News


(Almost) TOTAL RECALL: Did Arnold Schwarzenegger Run GM?



General Motors’ ignition switch scandal is definitely the stuff that movies are made of: deception, moral conundrums, tragic outcomes, a protagonist attempting to overcome a past mistake. The real tragedy, however, is that this isn’t a movie…

The true story, if you recall (OK, we’ll stop with all the homonyms), is that the scandal involved employees who had learned that ignition switches used in Chevrolet Cobalts, Saturn Ions and other GM vehicles were defective but delayed (ahem, failed) to issue recalls for the defect for more than a decade — a delay which sparked U.S. government investigation.

The malfeasance proved simply too great to be swept under the floor mat: the switches — which can be inadvertently shut off when jarred, cutting power to the engine and deactivating air bags — have been linked to at least 13 deaths.

To date, GM has recalled almost 28.5 million cars world wide, an all-time annual record. Remember, this doesn’t mean GM has recalled 28.5 million cars, since some were recalled more than once — but regardless of how you cut it…that’s a lot of cars!

“Few companies in history have ever sold more cars, and few companies have ever demanded as many of them back,” commented John Oliver— Last Week Tonight.

Despite the huge outreach efforts, Forbes reports that, as of June 4, there are approximately 2 million unrepaired cars still tooling around U.S. roads.

The Society of Automotive Engineers found that industry-wide, about 70 percent of recalled cars get repaired. GM’s record is better than most: spokesman Kevin Kelly said an average of 80 percent of recalled cars are fixed within the first year; 85 percent by the second year. In a case like this, where lives are at stake, that just doesn’t seem good enough.

In response to the scandal several bills have been introduced to prevent future misconduct. Hide No Harm Act is one such bill. The bill would make it a crime for corporate officers to knowingly conceal a product defect or corporate action that “poses a danger of death or serious physical injury to consumers and workers.” Executives who do so would face up to five years in prison and potential fines.

In her testimony, GM CEO Mary Barra reiterates that the company’s employees won’t forget the lessons of the recall, and they’re working hard to address the underlying issues.

However, many may have lost faith in GM to police itself. The Hide No Harm Act would work as a safety net, act as remuneration, and represent a reminder in and of itself.

Actions speak loader than words:

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Colorado Scenic and Historic Byways 25th Anniversary Conference on June 19 & 20, 2014, along the Peak to Peak Scenic Byway, at the Ameristar Convention Center in Black Hawk, Colorado.

More information: Colorado Scenic and Historic Byways 25th Anniversary — CDOT


Colorado Scenic and Historic Byways 25th Anniversary …

25th Anniversary Conference June 19 & 20, 2014 Black Hawk, Colorado Conference Registration & Sponsorship Conference Agenda

View on www.coloradodot.info

Preview by Yahoo


June 19 – 20th

Colorado’s Byways 25th Anniversary


THURSDAY – June 19

3:00 – 4:30 Conference Registration, Reception, & Check-In Entertainment by Bear Limvere

5:00 – 6:00 Keynote Speaker -Joe Calhoon, Author of

The One Hour Plan for Growth

6:00 – 7:30 Welcome & Awards Dinner FRIDAY – June 20

7:00 – 8:30

9:00 – 9:45

Breakfast & Opening Remarks, Special Awards Navigating the Road to Private Funding ­

Jeffery Pryor, Ed.D., CEO of Pathfinder Solutions

1st Breakout Sessions

• Keeping Your Byway Relevant and Moving into the Future Panel – Scott Brutjen, Bob Marshall & Kelli Hepler

• Keeping the Scenery in Scenic Byways

Don Bruns & Karla Rogers

• The Benefits of Colorado Byways – Shelby Sommer & Matt Goebel

2nd Breakout Sessions

• Shaping Your Board into Byway Leaders – Janine Vanderburg

• Driving Your Byway Message Straight to the Traveler ­

Kelly Barbello

• #Savvy Social Media Panel – Bobby Weidmann, Angus Shee

& Allison Bejarano

Luncheon with Guest Presentation – Hokkaido, Japan Byways

Colorado Meadows

Colorado Meadows (Photo credit: QualityFrog)

3rd Breakout Sessions

• Latest Trends in Keeping Our Historic Buildings – Patrick Ideman

• Byways and Your Belly! – Judy Walden

• Securing Colorado Byways: ‘GIS Project’ – Charlotte Bumgarner

& Yvonne Barnes

4th Breakout Sessions

• Gaining Legislative Support for Colorado Byways – Roger Wilson

• Engaging the Youth in Byways – Michelle Pearson

• Healthy Highways – Judy Walden & Gaylene Ore

ColoradoGives.org -Dana Rinderknecht, Community First Foundation

The former gold mining camp of Black Hawk, Col...

The former gold mining camp of Black Hawk, Colorado (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Closing Remarks

Lenore Bates, Program Manager

Colorado Scenic and Historic Byways

CDOT | 4201 E Arkansas Ave, Shumate Bldg | Denver CO 80222

P 303.757.9786 | F 303.757.9727

Lenore.Batess | www .coloradobyways.org

Colorado Byways connect tourists, preservationists and local communities.


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Great photo essay of a Ropes course showing everyone with helmets designed to protect only from above.

Climbing helmets only protect from drops. What falls from the sky?

Ropes Course 2010

A photographer did a great job of showing a group of people having a great time on a rope’s course in Granville, Ohio. The course and setting are beautiful. Everyone is wearing helmets. All the helmets in the photographs are climbing helmets.

Climbing helmets were designed for rock climbing. They were designed to protect you from a rock falling on your head. They are also tested to make sure if you fall and wedge your head in a crack because of your helmet the helmet will come off.

The only things I can see in the photographs that might fall on the people’s heads are trees. If a whole tree falls on you, there is not much you can do. Dependent upon the size of the tree limb, the helmet may or may not help you much.

But why? Why do you wear a helmet on a rope’s course?

Based on this, shouldn’t all groups hiking in the woods wear helmets?

See Common Ground Canopy Tours take you into the treetops near Oberlin, with zip-lines, sky bridges and more (photo gallery)

What do you think? Leave a comment.

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By Recreation Law    Rec-law@recreation-law.com         James H. Moss         #Authorrank

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