Is it Release or Waiver? (Release in the majority of states)

After spending three days at a conference with the majority being from South Eastern US, I was curious what is the term applied in most states to a contract that in advance of an injury releases or waives a claim.

Release Liberation from an obligation, duty or demand; the act of giving up a right or claim to the person against whom it could have been enforced.

Black’s Law Dictionary 1403 (9th ed. 2009)

Waiver The voluntary relinquishment or abandonment – impress or implied – of a legal right or advantage

Black’s Law Dictionary 1717 (9th ed. 2009)

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State Laws: Release or Waiver

State

Release/Waiver

Citation

Alabama

Release

J.T., Jr., a minor v. Monster Mountain, LLC, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 130407; 78 Fed. R. Serv. 3d (Callaghan) 182

Alaska

Release

Sec. 05.45.120. Use of liability releases

Arizona

Release & Waiver

Phelps v. Firebird Raceway, Inc., 210 Ariz. 403, 111 P.3d 1003, 454 Ariz. Adv. Rep. 29, 2005 Ariz. LEXIS 53: Benjamin v. Gear Roller Hockey Equipment, Inc, 198 Ariz. 462; 11 P.3d 421; 2000 Ariz. App. LEXIS 146; 332 Ariz. Adv. Rep. 21

Arkansas

 

 

California

Release

Scott v. Snow Summit Ski Corporation et al, 2002 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 4842

Colorado

Release

Brooks v. Timberline Tours, Inc., 127 F.3d 1273; 1997 U.S. App. LEXIS 29862; 1997 Colo. J. C.A.R. 2638

Connecticut

Release

Delk v. Go Vertical, Inc, 303 F. Supp. 2d 94; 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1466 (2004); Munn, et al., v. Hotchkiss School, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 40787

Delaware

Release

McDonough v. National Off-Road Bicycle Assn. (NORBA), 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8036 (Dist. Del 1997); Hong, v. Hockessin Athletic Club, 2012 Del. Super. LEXIS 340

Florida

Waiver

Travent, Ltd., v. Schecter, 718 So. 2d 939; 1998 Fla. App. LEXIS 12840; 23 Fla. L. Weekly D 2384 (Fl App 1998)

Georgia

Waiver

Hembree v. Johnson et al., 224 Ga. App. 680; 482 S.E.2d 407; 1997 Ga. App. LEXIS 182; 97 Fulton County D. Rep. 622; Benford et al. v. RDL, Inc., 223 Ga. App. 800; 479 S.E.2d 110; 1996 Ga. App. LEXIS 1284; 96 Fulton County D. Rep. 4312

Hawaii

Waiver

Wheelock v. Sport Kites, Inc, 839 F. Supp. 730; 1993 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17050

Idaho

Release

Hanks v. Sawtelle Rentals, Inc., 133 Idaho 199; 984 P.2d 122; 1999 Ida. LEXIS 98; Morrison, v. Northwest Nazarene University, 2012 Ida. LEXIS 82

Illinois

Release

Hojnowski v. Vans Skate Park, 187 N.J. 323; 901 A.2d 381; 2006 N.J. LEXIS 1080

Indiana

Release

Mark v. Moser, 746 N.E.2d 410; 2001 Ind. App. LEXIS 671; Amburgey, et al., v. Atomic Ski Usa, Inc., 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 92762

Iowa

Release

Sweeney v. City of Bettendorf, 762 N.W.2d 873; 2009 Iowa Sup. LEXIS 26; Galloway vs. State of Iowa, 790 N.W.2d 252; 2010 Iowa Sup. LEXIS 109

Kansas

Release

Wolfgang v. Mid-American Motorsports, Inc., et al., 898 F. Supp. 783; 1995 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12615

Kentucky

Release

Coughlin v. T.M.H. International Attractions, Inc 895 F.Supp. 159; Bowling v. Asylum Extreme, LLC; 2011 Ky. App. Unpub. LEXIS 801

Louisiana

 

 

Maine

Release

Lloyd v. Bourassa, 2002 Me. Super. LEXIS 132

Maryland

Release

Sanders v. Laurel Highlands River Tours, Incorporated, 966 F.2d 1444 (Table), 1992 WL 144776 (C.A.4 (Md.))

Massachusetts

Release

Lautieri v. Bae, 17 Mass. L. Rep. 4; 2003 Mass. Super. LEXIS 290; Brush, v. Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort, Inc., Et Al, 626 F. Supp. 2d 139; 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 52204; Malley v. Country Ski & Sport, Inc., 4 Mass. L. Rep. 582; 1995 Mass. Super. LEXIS 28

Michigan

Release

Duncan, et al., v. Ryba Company, 1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12424; Miranda v Shelby Township, 2003 Mich. App. LEXIS 2690

Minnesota

Release

Dailey, vs. Sports World South, Inc, 2003 Minn. App. LEXIS 1223

Mississippi

Release

Turnbough v. Ladner, 754 So. 2d 467; 1999 Miss. LEXIS 375

Missouri

Release

Lewis v. Snow Creek, Inc., 6 S.W.3d 388; 1999 Mo. App. LEXIS 421

Montana

Release

Ganz vs. United States Cycling Federation, 1994 Mont. Dist. LEXIS 756

Nebraska

Release & Waiver

Palmer v. Lakeside Wellness Center, 281 Neb. 780; 798 N.W.2d 845; 2011 Neb. LEXIS 62

Nevada

Nevada

Charnis v. Watersport Pro, LLC, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 76022; 2009 AMC 1299

New Hampshire

Release

Porter v. Dartmouth College, 2009 DNH 145; 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 90516

New Jersey

Release

Hojnowski v. Vans Skate Park, 187 N.J. 323; 901 A.2d 381; 2006 N.J. LEXIS 1080

New Mexico

Release

Berlangieri v. Running Elk Corporation, 132 N.M. 332;2002 NMCA 60;48 P.3d 70;2002 N.M. App. 39;41 N.M. St. B. Bull. 25

New York

Waiver

Applbaum vs Golden Acres Farm and Ranch, 333 F. Supp. 2d 31; 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18130; Franzek v. Calspan Corporation, 78 A.D.2d 134; 434 N.Y.S.2d 288; 1980 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 13397

North Carolina

Release

Strawbridge, Jr., v. Sugar Mountain Resort, Inc., 328 F. Supp. 2d 610; 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18644; Kelly v. United States of America, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 89741; Fortson v. McClellan1998 N.C. App. 1436, 131 N.C. App. 635; 508 S.E.2d 549

North Dakota

Release

McPhail v. Bismarck Park District, 2003 ND 4; 655 N.W.2d 411; 2003 N.D. LEXIS 3; Reed v. Univ. of North Dakota, 1999 ND 25, P22 n.4, 589 N.W.2d 880

Ohio

Release

Zivich v. Mentor Soccer Club, Inc., 696 N.E.2d 201, 82 Ohio St.3d 367 (Ohio 1998)

Oklahoma

Release

Schmidt v. United States of America, 1996 OK 29; 912 P.2d 871; 1996 Okla. LEXIS 38 (Okl 1996)

Oregon

Release

Pierce v. Mt. Hood Meadows Oregon, Ltd., 118 Ore. App. 450; 847 P.2d 909; 1993 Ore. App. LEXIS 262

Pennsylvania

Release

Cappello v. CBH20 General Partner, LLC, d/b/a Camelback Ski Corporation, 2010 Pa. Dist. & Cnty. Dec. LEXIS 679; 20 Pa. D. & C.5th 568

Rhode Island

Release

Julian v. Zayxe Corp., 388 A.2d 813, 120 R.I. 494 (1978)

South Carolina

 

 

South Dakota

 

 

Tennessee

Release

Perez v. McConkey, 872 S.W.2d 897; 1994 Tenn. LEXIS 50; Bonne, et al., v. Premier Athletics, LLC, et al., 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77802

Texas

Release

Newman v. Tropical Visions, Inc., 891 S.W.2d 713; 1994 Tex. App. LEXIS 3254; Munoz v. II Jaz Inc. D/B/A Physical Whimsical, 863 S.W.2d 207; 1993 Tex. App. LEXIS 2550 (TX App. 1993)

Utah

Release

Hawkins v. Peart, dba Navajo Trails, 37 P.3d 1062;433 Utah Adv. Rep. 19 2001 Utah LEXIS 177, 2001 UT 94;

Vermont

Release

Szczotka v. Snowridge, Inc., 869 F. Supp. 247; 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17197

Virginia

 

 

Washington

Release

Scott v. Pacific West Mt. Resort, 119 Wn.2d 484 (1992); Wagenblast v. Odessa School Dist., 758 P.2d 968, 110 Wn.2d 845 (1988)

West Virginia

Release

Johnson, v. New River Scenic Whitewater Tours, Inc, 313 F. Supp. 2d 621; 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6166

Wisconsin

Release

Cass v. American Home Assurance Company and Granite Peak Corporation, 2005 WI App 126; 284 Wis. 2d 572; 699 N.W.2d 254; 2005 Wisc. App. LEXIS 408

Wyoming

Release

Madsen v. Wyoming River Trips, Inc., 31 F. Supp. 2d 1321; 1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77

Washington, D.C.

Release

Jaffe v. Pallotta Teamworks, 276 F. Supp. 2d 102; 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13881

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SRLA Student Research Award

CALL FOR PAPERS Deadline: Monday, 12/3/12

The Sport and Recreation Law Association

This Student Research Award is granted to the student submitting the most outstanding research paper based upon the criteria found below.  The award winner will receive free Conference Registration and reimbursement of up to $500 in expenses to attend The Annual SRLA Conference.  The winning paper and the selected student will be included in the Conference Program to present his/her paper.  The recipient will also be recognized during the Award’s Banquet during the Annual SRLA Conference

Please Note: Using the appropriate format, students may simultaneously submit their manuscript to this award Call for Papers and to the general Call For Proposals for the Conference. 

Application Criteria:

1.     Students must submit a research paper or case note that deals with a significant and novel legal issue related to sport or physical activity. 

2.     The paper must be written in either APA or Blue Book style (follow current editions).

3.     The suggested length for the paper is 10-20 double-spaced pages (not counting Appendices and Endnotes). Applicants must use the Times New Roman 12 pt. font.

4.     The applicant must send the paper as a Microsoft Word document to schoepferk@winthrop.edu before 11:59 p.m. EST Monday, December 3, 2012. Late submissions will not be considered. In the email message accompanying the attached paper, include the student author’s name, mailing address, email address, and telephone numbers. (An email will be sent to the applicant to confirm that the paper has been received.)

5.     The paper and associated research must be the sole work of the applicant, and edited and approved by a faculty advisor.

6.     The applicant must be a graduate student or undergraduate student, and must be majoring in sport/recreation/ physical activity, sport/recreation management, or a related subject area. Students pursuing a law degree are also eligible. Either the student applicant or faculty advisor must be a current member of SRLA at the time of submission.

7.     The faculty advisor must submit a signed document verifying compliance with criteria 5 and 6.

8.     A maximum of three (3) student papers may be submitted from one academic institution.

Criteria for Selection:

1.     Relevance, novelty, and importance of the topic to the legal aspects of sport and physical activity. Topic of the paper must address a legal issue.  Experimental research, survey studies, or summaries of existing research will not be considered.

2.     Quality and thoroughness of research; appropriateness of resources; use of primary resources.

3.     Quality of writing, editing, organization and logic of thoughts, grammar, and citation style.

4.     Adherence to all of the Application Criteria identified above.

The winner of the award will be notified via e-mail in early February.

Verification documents (see criteria #7 above) can be mailed, emailed, or faxed to:

Dr. Kristi Schoepfer

Re: SRLA Student Research Award

Winthrop University

Department of Physical Education, Sport, and Human Performance

WEST CENTER 218A

Rock Hill, SC, 29733

Fax (803) 323-2124

schoepferk@winthrop.edu

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