Houston, we have a problem! Colorado should be the North American Capitol of Bicycle Racing! We need to support the next two days of the Colorado Classic race to become what our cycling destiny should be.

Attendance at Vail was terrible and the racing was fantastic!

Bicycle racing like we have in Colorado is fun. The Colorado Classic has gone to extraordinary links to increase the fun aspect of all parts of the race.

Day 3 in Denver will bring premier a new course we have not seen in decades if ever. Starting and ending in downtown Denver, the course will take in Wheat Ridge, Lakewood, Golden, Kittredge, Evergreen, Conifer and include Dinosaur Ridge, a classic front range hill. Here again, there will be dozens of opportunities to see the racers up close and personal!

Day 4 is the classic downtown Denver crit from downtown to City Park and back. Women will race this course four times and men eight. This gives spectators another opportunity to see speed and see it several times as the racers come past. Watch in amazement, eat a sandwich, have a beer and watch in amazement, repeat.

The real difference is the Velorama. A combination music festival and cycling street fair. I went between races and enjoyed my time there. It adds easy ways to get fed and still enjoy the wait times between race laps or races.

Issues from 2018.

  1. You have to get the word out that you don’t have to have a Velorama ticket to watch the race. Several people who I expected to watch the race said they did not because of the cost.

    The Velorama provides more fun and most importantly more income to support the bicycle race. Yes, we have grown accustomed to watching a lot of amateur racing in Colorado for free. However, a professional race costs a lot more money. Support the race by buying a ticket to Velorama.

    However, if you can’t you should still go see the bicycle races. A least buy a hat!

Issues Now 2019

1. We knew about the Velorama; no one knew about the Colorado Classic. It got lost in the push to finance the race. Press releases about the race were few and far between, and 90% of those covered the music festival. I understand Velorama is financing the race. I understand, to a limited degree, how much a bicycle race costs to put on, especially one brining in UCI World teams.

But we may be, to use a phrase from my “upbringing” throwing the baby out with the bath water. In an effort to pay for the race, we forgot to tell people about the race.

2. The news has to get out earlier than weeks before the race. People schedule their summers all winter long. We work through the winter to ski and plan for summer. By the time press releases started coming out about the race, it was too late. People had their summer booked.

Driving down from Vail this afternoon I was in a crowd of cars, team trailers and an RV or two. But the traffic leaving Denver was bumper to bumper and stopped in several places. Those people are too late for the Vail races and not going to see the Denver racing. And the Denver racing is going to be great!

Colorado is better than that. I rode a press car up twice during the time-trial today and saw one I knew about the course. The last time I did that I saw dozens of people I knew. The hillside at the now-defunct pro challenge at the time, trial finish line was covered with bicycles of people who had ridden up from Summit Count or from Vail. Today there was one bike on the hillside.

The racing was great. I followed Gillian Ellsay, @GillianEllsay of Rally Cycling, @Rally_Cycling up the time trial in the media car; she passed six other riders, five on the uphill section of the course. She was amazing. You should have seen this 21-year-old phenomena kick butt. Her time was better than a lot of the men later that day. You missed it if you weren’t there.

Yet the time-trial today carried on a tradition of racing on that course, the Vail Time Trial, first started in 1975. The course is so well known, that European cyclists know about it and today a lot of them learned about it, steep hill and no oxygen. 43 years of racing just on this one spot, think of the tires and sweat that have hammered up that hill.

I understand this is a balancing act money versus not having racing, and like 99.99% of the people in the US, I don’t have a solution, and it sounds like all I can do is complain. That is NOT my goal. My goal is to keep professional cycling in Colorado as a sport, not just the home of great cyclists who are racing other places.

However, I think a few of these things can be solved cheaply, hopefully.

So what, if a lot of July cycling yellow jerseys are not present. You can see future yellow jersey wearers now and tell your friends in seven years how you knew they were going to be leaders when you first watched them race at the Colorado Classic. And we got Taylor Phinney @taylorphinney riding. Taylor are you having a good time? “Always!” is new Colorado blood and sweat with the greatest smile and attitude professional cycling needs. Get out and cheer @taylorphinney on! (@TaylorPhinney which my spell checker want’s to change to @ethylmorphine?)

More importantly, if you are reading this find a shady spot on a hill for tomorrow’s races, MEN’S and WOMEN’S and enjoy what is truly a spectacular sport. Find a cooler, umbrella and chair and plan on spending Sunday watching the crit at city park or the Rhino district. No matter what, unclip and get out to watch professionals, men and women race this weekend!

What do you think? Leave a comment.

Copyright 2018 Recreation Law (720) 334 8529

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FB, Twitter or LinkedIn

If you are interested in having me write your release, fill out this Information Form and Contract and send it to me.

Author: Outdoor Recreation Insurance, Risk Management and Law

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Facebook Page: Outdoor Recreation & Adventure Travel Law


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By Recreation Law    James H. Moss

#AdventureTourism, #AdventureTravelLaw, #AdventureTravelLawyer, #AttorneyatLaw, #Backpacking, #BicyclingLaw, #Camps, #ChallengeCourse, #ChallengeCourseLaw, #ChallengeCourseLawyer, #CyclingLaw, #FitnessLaw, #FitnessLawyer, #Hiking, #HumanPowered, #HumanPoweredRecreation, #IceClimbing, #JamesHMoss, #JimMoss, #Law, #Mountaineering, #Negligence, #OutdoorLaw, #OutdoorRecreationLaw, #OutsideLaw, #OutsideLawyer, #RecLaw, #Rec-Law, #RecLawBlog, #Rec-LawBlog, #RecLawyer, #RecreationalLawyer, #RecreationLaw, #RecreationLawBlog, #RecreationLawcom, #Recreation-Lawcom,, #RiskManagement, #RockClimbing, #RockClimbingLawyer, #RopesCourse, #RopesCourseLawyer, #SkiAreas, #Skiing, #SkiLaw, #Snowboarding, #SummerCamp, #Tourism, #TravelLaw, #YouthCamps, #ZipLineLawyer,


Get the 2018 Velorama App

2018 Velorama App: Your Guide to the Summer’s Hottest Festival
Download the free app and get the latest information on:

Festival Map

Schedule of Events



Food and Drink

Essential After-Parties

News, Social & Notifications

And More!

The app will help you have a better experience at the festival and find reasons to come early and stay late.

Available for download in the Apple App Store and Google Play.

Get Tickets Now!


Friday, August 17: $55

Saturday, August 18: $55

Sunday, August 19: $10

3-Day Pass: Only $110

Employee of one New York climbing wall sues another NYC climbing wall for injuries when she fell and her foot went between the mats.

Release thrown out because of New York’s anti-release statute and condition causing plaintiff’s injury was the risk was “un-assumed, concealed or unreasonably increased” eliminating assumption of the risk claim.

McDonald v. Brooklyn Boulders, LLC., 2016 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 5211; 2016 NY Slip Op 32822(U)

State: New York, Supreme Court of New York, Kings County

Plaintiff: Meghan McDonald

Defendant: Brooklyn Boulders, LLC

Plaintiff Claims: negligence,

Defendant Defenses: Release and Assumption of the Risk

Holding: for the Plaintiff

Year: 2016


Another case where it appears, the court was more on the plaintiff’s side then neutral. However, you must play with the cards you are dealt. Here a person injured at a climbing gym survived a motion for summary judgment because the release violated New York’s release law, and she could not assume the risk of the mats separating because it was not obvious or known to her.


The plaintiff was an employee of another climbing wall business. She was the coach of the climbing team there. She was at the defendant’s climbing wall business either to coach her team or to climb personally, which were in dispute. While climbing on an overhang she fell and her foot went between the mats causing her injury.

The plaintiff did not pay to climb because the clubs had reciprocal agreements allowing employees to climb at other gyms for free. The mats were Velcroed together. The plaintiff sued. The defendant club filed a motion for summary judgment, and this is the court’s response to that motion.

Analysis: making sense of the law based on these facts.

The defendant argued the release should stop the plaintiff’s lawsuit, and she assumed the risk of her injury.

The plaintiff argued New York General Obligations Law (GOL) §5-326 made the release unenforceable.

The legislative intent of the statute is to prevent amusement parks and recreational facilities from enforcing exculpatory clauses printed on admission tickets or membership applications because the public is either unaware of them or not cognizant of their effect

New York General Obligations Law (GOL) §5-326 has been held to not apply to teaching, Lemoine v Cornell University, 2 A.D.3d 1017; 769 N.Y.S.2d 313; 2003 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 13209 (NY 2003). Because the plaintiff was there with students, the defendant argued the statute did not apply.

However, the plaintiff argued she was not teaching, just climbing with friends who were former students.

In support of her position that she was not at Brooklyn Boulders for instructional purposes, but, rather was there for a fun day of climbing, plaintiff points to her testimony that she brought some of the older members of her team to Brooklyn Boulders to climb. She testified that they all worked at The Rock Club so this was an end of summer treat for them to go and climb somewhere else and not have to work.

The other defense to New York General Obligations Law (GOL) §5-326 is there was no fee paid by the plaintiff to climb at the defendant gym. She was there because of the reciprocal program in place with her employer.

The court agreed she was not teaching and found she had paid a fee to climb at the defendant’s gym. Because the program was part of her employment compensation, she had paid a fee by taking advantage of the opportunity as an employee.

In addition, the court finds defendants’s argument that the fact that plaintiff did not pay a fee that day renders GOL §5-326 not applicable is equally unavailing. The reciprocal agreement that was in place between Brooklyn Boulders and The Rock Club, where plaintiff was employed, which allowed such employees to use other bouldering facilities without being charged a fee was a benefit of their employment and thus could be considered compensation.

The final defense was assumption of the risk. The plaintiff said she had never been to that area of the gym before, however, she did scan the area before climbing.

Under NY law, the assumption of risk defense is defined as:

The assumption of the risk defense is based on the proposition that “by engaging in a sport or recreational activity, a participant consents to those commonly appreciated risks which are inherent in and arise out of the nature of the sport generally and flow from such participation”

By engaging in the activity or sport the plaintiff gives consent to the risks and limits the duty owed by the defendant. However, the risks of the activity, according to this court must be “fully comprehended or perfectly obvious.” The court then determined “Stated otherwise, the duty of the defendant is to protect the plaintiff from injuries arising out of unassumed, concealed, or unreasonably increased risks.”

Furthermore, “in assessing whether a defendant has violated a duty of care within the genre of tort-sports activities and their inherent risks, the applicable standard should include whether the conditions caused by the defendants’ negligence are unique and created a dangerous condition over and above the usual dangers that are inherent in the sport’

The Velcro connection holding the mats together was an injury for the jury to determine because the court found the condition was a concealed risk.

So Now What?

It is pretty skanky (legal word) for an employee of one gym, climbing for free, to sue another gym. I suspect the lawsuit was probably a subrogation claim where her health insurance was attempting to recover for her medical bills. However, that is just speculation.

New York General Obligations Law (GOL) §5-326 is read differently by ever judge that reviews it. Some simply say it does not apply and allows the release to prevail. Any court that seems to do an analysis of the law seems to rule on the side of the plaintiff lately. The late is left over from the days when consumers did not know what a release was and were caught off guard when they risked their neck in gyms.

However, the chances of it being repealed are slim, too many plaintiffs use the law so having a recreation business in New York requires more work on the part of the recreation provider to prove assumption of the risk.

Video’s, lengthy assumption of the risk agreements outlining the known and unknown risks and more in-depth classes for beginners and new people at the gym will be required in this jurisdiction.

Can you see this climbing coach being told she must take a one-hour class on climbing because she has never been to the gym before?

What do you think? Leave a comment.

Copyright 2018 Recreation Law (720) 334 8529

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FB, Twitter or LinkedIn

If you are interested in having me write your release, fill out this Information Form and Contract and send it to me.

Author: Outdoor Recreation Insurance, Risk Management and Law

To Purchase Go Here:

Facebook Page: Outdoor Recreation & Adventure Travel Law


By Recreation Law    James H. Moss

#AdventureTourism, #AdventureTravelLaw, #AdventureTravelLawyer, #AttorneyatLaw, #Backpacking, #BicyclingLaw, #Camps, #ChallengeCourse, #ChallengeCourseLaw, #ChallengeCourseLawyer, #CyclingLaw, #FitnessLaw, #FitnessLawyer, #Hiking, #HumanPowered, #HumanPoweredRecreation, #IceClimbing, #JamesHMoss, #JimMoss, #Law, #Mountaineering, #Negligence, #OutdoorLaw, #OutdoorRecreationLaw, #OutsideLaw, #OutsideLawyer, #RecLaw, #Rec-Law, #RecLawBlog, #Rec-LawBlog, #RecLawyer, #RecreationalLawyer, #RecreationLaw, #RecreationLawBlog, #RecreationLawcom, #Recreation-Lawcom,, #RiskManagement, #RockClimbing, #RockClimbingLawyer, #RopesCourse, #RopesCourseLawyer, #SkiAreas, #Skiing, #SkiLaw, #Snowboarding, #SummerCamp, #Tourism, #TravelLaw, #YouthCamps, #ZipLineLawyer, #RecreationLaw, #OutdoorLaw, #OutdoorRecreationLaw, #SkiLaw,

2nd Annual Adventure Trainer’s

The 2nd Annual Adventure Trainer’s Lab is an advanced level conference that offers professional development and continuing education opportunities to TRAINERS working in the “traditional use” and “amusement device” fields of…challenge course, zip line, canopy tour and adventure parks.

In 2017, the first ever Adventure Trainer’s Lab attracted an impressive and diverse group of trainers. Overall, the response was very positive and the closing debrief provided us with feedback to enhance the quality and value of the conference.

It is our intention that The Adventure Trainer’s Lab be responsive to and evolve based on the input of all trainers.


Adventure trainers are largely responsible for the growth and efficacy of these experiential modalities yet opportunities for professional development and continuing education are rare. Thus, leaving many adventure trainers at a loss for resources or a body of peers to engage in healthy dialog and debate.

Until now…The Adventure Trainer’s Lab seeks to positively influence the safety, efficacy and sustainability of the adventure and experiential fields by supporting the development and evolution of trainers.


The format for The Adventure Trainer’s Lab is a 3-day gathering combining prepared sessions / speakers with the dynamic and responsive nature of “Open Space Technology”.

“Open Space Technology” is the epitome of experiential education as it engages participants fully in the content, direction and flow of the conference.

In the months leading up to the conference, we are seeking your input into the content you need, presenters you value and your ideas of how to make the event highly productive and meaningful.

Help us to create the conference that will serve you.


If you train facilitators and guides in the “traditional use” and/or “amusement device” fields of…challenge course, zip line, canopy tour and adventure parks, then…this conference is for YOU!

You may work for a…school district / university, camp, therapeutic facility, resort / retreat center, government agency, commercial adventure program, or for a professional vendor, etc.

Or, you have / are pursuing an advanced degree in education or training.

Or, you provide products, services or training to trainers (and/or) facilitators.


New in 2018…the ALUMNI RATE! You are eligible if you attended The Adventure Trainer’s Lab in 2017.

Alumni rates ALSO apply to employees of an organization that have sent participants to a previous Adventure Trainer’s Lab.


Join us December 3-5, 2018 at the Renaissance Boulder Flatiron Hotel as we…exchange ideas, share best practices, build our knowledge, develop testing rubrics, debate higher levels of certification and find new trainer employees / employers. Come with your questions, your knowledge and your passion.

Let’s create a learning community of adventure trainers and raise the bar on facilitation and training for recreation, education and therapy!

For complete conference information and registration, click here

EARLIER Bird registration ends…September 28, 2018

It’s Showtime—Welcome to Paddlesports Retailer 2018!

Proudly Presenting the Exhibitors, Buyers & Schedule for
Paddlesports Retailer 2018
(growing bigger each day)

The official tradeshow of the paddlesports industry arrives in Oklahoma City this month. Join more than 700 buyers, reps & paddlesports media already signed up & ready to go!
Packed Show Schedule
Make time to see & do it all! View the official schedule from Demo Day to Awards Night!
Paddling Magazine Product & Industry Awards
Submit your best products within 12 categories today. Buyers & media will be voting!
136 Exhibitors

See the impressive list of participating vendors, their booth numbers & floor plan locations.
Fab Demo Day Entertainment
OKC craft brewers COOP Ale Works will be ready to party at Riversport Adventure Park, along with newgrass funk band Arkansauce at 7pm, 8/27.
To-Date Store Registrations
475 buyers have committed, with more signing up each day! Don’t delay: register for FREE.
Take in OKC
Experience this 100-million-dollar paddling destination with your colleagues & paddling friends from around the world! Our OKC video sets the stage.


Marker is recalling Kingpin Models 10 and 13



German ski binding specialist Marker recalls certain 2017/18 Kingpin models 10 and 13 / Possible breakage of steel pins in the toe pieces may lead to lower release forces of the binding and a resulting fall hazard / Toes of affected bindings will be replaced at no cost to Marker customers

Lebanon, NH July 26, 2018 – Based on the results of extensive testing and quality procedures for the possible breakage of steel pins in the toe pieces of a limited number of Marker Kingpin bindings, Marker has decided to conduct a voluntary recall of the affected products. The potential safety issue is related only to 2017/18 models of the Kingpin 10 and 13 pin tech binding. All other populations are not affected by this recall.

Under rare circumstances, the breakage of the steel pins of the 2017/18 models may lead to lower release forces of the binding causing a potential fall hazard.

The toes of the affected bindings will be replaced at no cost to the customer. Customers should contact their local Marker Authorized Retailer, or contact their national Marker distributor ( for a list of retailers. Additional information is at to assist customers in determining whether their product is being recalled. Retailers have been requested to stop sales of recalled bindings. New bindings have a modified logo treatment on the toe pieces to distinguish them from recalled bindings.

“Highest quality and best-in-class technical standards are two of our company’s distinguishing features. Moreover, we are aware of our responsibility as a manufacturer when it comes to safety, especially with regard to ski touring in the backcountry,” says Jonathan Wiant, President of MDV brands. “This is why after extensive and serious testing and evaluation we decided to recall the whole population of the 2017/18 model, even if the problem affects very few bindings. With the counter measures we have taken, the Kingpin remains an excellent, highly reliable product for ambitious and demanding skiers.”

Marker tirelessly pursues the aim of fulfilling the highest quality standards. The company continuously upgrades its product line, including the Kingpin, based upon customer feedback and continuous internal testing.

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Assumption of the Risk is a valid defense against a claim by an injured indoor climber against the belayer who allegedly dropped him.

The bigger crime here is the climbing gym could have stopped this quicker by have one additional clause in its release. The clause would have protected the belayer from suit.

Holbrook v. McCracken, 2004-Ohio-3291; 2004 Ohio App. LEXIS 2932

State: Ohio: Court of Appeals of Ohio, Eighth Appellate District, Cuyahoga County

Plaintiff: Matthew Holbrook

Defendant: Erin McCracken

Plaintiff Claims: Negligence

Defendant Defenses: Assumption of the Risk

Holding: for the defendant

Year: 2004


A climber was dropped by a belayer and sued the belayer. The belayer was relatively new at climbing. However, the plaintiff climber’s case was dismissed on a motion for summary judgment.


The belayer allegedly dropped the plaintiff climber. She let out too much rope, and he fell as he was down climbing.

Appellant was injured when he fell from an indoor rock wall he had climbed for recreation. At the time, appellee was acting as his “belayer, ” i.e., as appellant descended from his successful climb, appellee reversed the process of taking up slack and instead let out rope for him from the top of the wall through a harness system attached to her body. Appellee stated she thought she “wasn’t fast enough” at locking the smooth “new” rope before too much of it slipped through the device on her harness and slackened appellant’s line.

The plaintiff sued the belayer, and not the climbing gym. The trial court dismissed the case finding the plaintiff climber assumed the risk of his injuries. The plaintiff appealed.

Ohio has a fast-appellate docket. The decisions are short and too the point and are rendered quickly. This decision came from that docket and is short, only three pages long.

Analysis: making sense of the law based on these facts.

In this case, the court referred to the parties by their appeal names, appellee and appellant. The appellant is the plaintiff in the trial court, and the appellee is the defendant. In this analysis, I refer to them as plaintiff climber and defendant belayer.

Ohio applies the doctrine of assumption of the risk to recreational activities. “In order to gain the thrill associated with rock climbing, the appellant voluntarily assumed the primary and “inherent risk” of the activity, viz., falling.”

The plaintiff hired an expert witness who stated the actions of the belayer were reckless. The plaintiff’s expert also stated that the risk of falling was inherent to the activity and could be reduced but not eliminated.

Therefore, despite appellant’s expert’s opinion that appellee was “reckless” in permitting the rope to slip through her hands, the risk of falling inherent to the activity of rock climbing can be “reduced***[but] cannot be eliminated.

However, the plaintiff could produce no evidence to support the expert’s opinion that the belayer acted intentionally or recklessly. Assumption of the risk prevailed.

Since there was no evidence that appellee acted either intentionally or recklessly when the rope she held slipped before the harness device could lock it in place, the trial court correctly concluded she was entitled to summary judgment on appellant’s claim.

So Now What?

As stated above, the sad thing is the climbing gym, could have added one clause in its release, which would have eliminated the lawsuit or at least the appeal. The clause would have protected all climbers at the gym from suits by other climbers.

Most gyms only protect themselves. Yet a belayer is sued as often as the gym. Read the release you signed and make sure you are protected like the gym.

This was a short and simple decision that outlined the facts to support the court’s reasoning and did not have to stretch or contrive to reach it. When you climb you assume the risk you may fall.

What do you think? Leave a comment.

Copyright 2018 Recreation Law (720) 334 8529

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FB, Twitter or LinkedIn


If you are interested in having me write your release, fill out this Information Form and Contract and send it to me.

Author: Outdoor Recreation Insurance, Risk Management and Law

To Purchase Go Here:

Facebook Page: Outdoor Recreation & Adventure Travel Law


By Recreation Law    James H. Moss

#AdventureTourism, #AdventureTravelLaw, #AdventureTravelLawyer, #AttorneyatLaw, #Backpacking, #BicyclingLaw, #Camps, #ChallengeCourse, #ChallengeCourseLaw, #ChallengeCourseLawyer, #CyclingLaw, #FitnessLaw, #FitnessLawyer, #Hiking, #HumanPowered, #HumanPoweredRecreation, #IceClimbing, #JamesHMoss, #JimMoss, #Law, #Mountaineering, #Negligence, #OutdoorLaw, #OutdoorRecreationLaw, #OutsideLaw, #OutsideLawyer, #RecLaw, #Rec-Law, #RecLawBlog, #Rec-LawBlog, #RecLawyer, #RecreationalLawyer, #RecreationLaw, #RecreationLawBlog, #RecreationLawcom, #Recreation-Lawcom,, #RiskManagement, #RockClimbing, #RockClimbingLawyer, #RopesCourse, #RopesCourseLawyer, #SkiAreas, #Skiing, #SkiLaw, #Snowboarding, #SummerCamp, #Tourism, #TravelLaw, #YouthCamps, #ZipLineLawyer, #RecreationLaw, #OutdoorLaw, #OutdoorRecreationLaw, #SkiLaw,