Letter to the Editor Bicycling Magazine

April 6, 2011

400 S. Tenth St.
Emmaus, PA 18098

Via Email: bicycling@rodale.com

Re: Signing Your Life Away?, page 35
Volume LII Number 4, May 2011

Dear Mr. Flax:

I thought I should clarify some of the statements in your article Signing Your Life Away? (May 2011 issue of Bicycling Magazine).

Three states do not allow anyone to use a release; Louisiana,[i] Montana[ii] and Virginia.[iii] [iv] Several states limit how and when a release can be used; Arizona[v], New Mexico[vi] and West Virginia[vii], Hawaii[viii], New York[ix]. There are three states where the use of a release is very restricted or unknown; Connecticut, Wisconsin and Vermont. At present, no states that restrict the use of a release do so for cycling events except, perhaps, New York.

Your article did have one inaccuracy. Ten states allow a parent to sign away a minor’s right to sue;[x] Alaska[xi], Arizona[xii], Colorado[xiii], Florida[xiv], California, Massachusetts[xv], North Dakota[xvi], Ohio[xvii] and possibly Wisconsin[xviii]. At present, more than twenty states have not ruled on whether a parent can sign away a minor’s right to sue. In those states that have ruled that a parent cannot sign away a minor’s right to sue there still maybe the option to compel the minor and the parent to binding arbitration of the claims. This may reduce the overall recovery of the claimant.

In these courts and the rest of the states releases are worth their weight in gold. A release is an agreement that states in advance you will be responsible for your injuries. If you are worried about signing a release to enter an event or race, instead of rolling the dice to see if the release may be thrown out of court, purchase adequate health, life or disability insurance. This is probably a good idea for any cyclists riding on the streets.
Your readership needs to know that a release will more than likely stop their lawsuit for any injuries, so they can be prepared for that in advance rather than hoping they can win, not knowing their chances are slim.

The one thing that a cyclist may want to investigate, (read) in a release is whether or not they are protected from a lawsuit by another injured rider. Either the term co-participant or other participants (riders, cyclists, etc.) should be in the release as a person protected by the release or the rider may be sued for the injuries of another participant. Negligence of a race or event organizer is difficult to prove and most riders are unsuccessful. Proving negligence of another ride has been proven quite easily. A rider’s condo, apartment or homeowner’s insurance is the company that will step up to defend if a cyclist is sued.


James H. Moss, JD
a member of The Spokesmen Cycling Podcast

[i] C.C. Art. 2004 (2005)
[ii] MCA § 27-1-701
[iii] Johnson’s Adm’x v. Richmond and Danville R.R. Co., 86 Va. 975, 11 S.E. 829 (1890)
[iv] States that do not Support the Use of a Release
[v] Phelps v. Firebird Raceway, Inc., 2005 Ariz. LEXIS 53
[vi] Berlangieri v. Running Elk Corporation, 132 N.M. 332;2002 NMCA 60;48
P.3d 70;2002 N.M. App. 39;41 N.M. St. B. Bull. 25
[vii] Kyriazis v. University of West Virginia; 192 W. Va. 60; 450 S.E.2d 649;
1994 W. Va. LEXIS 161
[viii] King v. CJM Country Stables, 315 F. Supp. 2d 1061, 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7511 (D. Haw. 2004)
[ix] General Obligation Law § 5-326
[x] States that allow a parent to sign away a minor’s right to sue
[xi] Alaska: Sec. 09.65.292
[xii] ARS § 12-553
[xiii] C.R.S. §§13-22-107
[xiv] Florida Statute § 744.301 (3)
[xv] Sharon v. City of Newton, 437 Mass. 99; 769 N.E.2d 738; 2002 Mass. LEXIS 384
[xvi] McPhail v. Bismarck Park District, 2003 ND 4; 655 N.W.2d 411; 2003 N.D. LEXIS 3
[xvii] Zivich v. Mentor Soccer Club, Inc., 696 N.E.2d 201, 82 Ohio St.3d 367 (1998)
[xviii] Osborn v. Cascade Mountain, Inc., 655 N.W.2d 546, 259 Wis. 2d 481, 2002 Wisc. App. LEXIS 1216, 2003 WI App 1

What do you think? Leave a comment.

Copyright 2010 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law, Recreation.Law@Gmail.com

Twitter: RecreationLaw
Facebook: Rec.Law.Now
Facebook Page: Outdoor Recreation & Adventure Travel Law

Blog: www.recreation-law.com

Keywords: #recreationlaw, #@recreationlaw, #cycling.law #fitness.law, #ski.law, #outside.law, #recreation.law, #recreation-law.com, #outdoor law, #recreation law, #outdoor recreation law, #adventure travel law, #law, #travel law, #Jim Moss, #James H. Moss, #attorney at law, #tourism, #adventure tourism, #rec-law, #rec-law blog, #recreation law, #recreation law blog, #risk management, #Human Powered, #human powered recreation,# cycling law, #bicycling law, #fitness law, #recreation-law.com, #backpacking, #hiking, #Mountaineering, #ice climbing, #rock climbing, #ropes course, #challenge course, #summer camp, #camps, #youth camps, #skiing, #ski areas, #negligence, #,

Technorati Tags: ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
Windows Live Tags: Letter,Editor,Magazine,April,Tenth,Emmaus,Email,Life,Away,Volume,Number,Dear,Flax,statements,article,Three,Louisiana,Montana,Virginia,Several,Arizona,Mexico,West,Hawaii,York,Connecticut,Wisconsin,Vermont,events,inaccuracy,Alaska,Colorado,Florida,California,Massachusetts,North,Dakota,Ohio,option,arbitration,recovery,claimant,worth,agreement,injuries,event,health,insurance,streets,readership,lawsuit,rider,Either,participant,participants,riders,person,Negligence,organizer,apartment,homeowner,James,Moss,member,Spokesmen,Podcast,Johnson,Richmond,Danville,States,Support,Release,Phelps,Firebird,Raceway,Ariz,LEXIS,Berlangieri,Corporation,NMCA,Bull,Kyriazis,Country,Stables,Supp,Dist,General,Obligation,Statute,Sharon,Newton,Mass,McPhail,Bismarck,Park,District,Zivich,Mentor,Soccer,Club,Osborn,Cascade,Mountain,Wisc,Leave,Recreation,Edit,Gmail,Twitter,RecreationLaw,Facebook,Page,Outdoor,Adventure,Travel,Blog,Keywords,attorney,tourism,management,Human,youth,areas,Technorati,Tags,viii,xiii,xvii,xviii,whether,cyclists,cyclist
WordPress Tags: Letter,Editor,Magazine,April,Tenth,Emmaus,Email,Life,Away,Volume,Number,Dear,Flax,statements,article,Three,Louisiana,Montana,Virginia,Several,Arizona,Mexico,West,Hawaii,York,Connecticut,Wisconsin,Vermont,events,inaccuracy,Alaska,Colorado,Florida,California,Massachusetts,North,Dakota,Ohio,option,arbitration,recovery,claimant,worth,agreement,injuries,event,health,insurance,streets,readership,lawsuit,rider,Either,participant,participants,riders,person,Negligence,organizer,apartment,homeowner,James,Moss,member,Spokesmen,Podcast,Johnson,Richmond,Danville,States,Support,Release,Phelps,Firebird,Raceway,Ariz,LEXIS,Berlangieri,Corporation,NMCA,Bull,Kyriazis,Country,Stables,Supp,Dist,General,Obligation,Statute,Sharon,Newton,Mass,McPhail,Bismarck,Park,District,Zivich,Mentor,Soccer,Club,Osborn,Cascade,Mountain,Wisc,Leave,Recreation,Edit,Gmail,Twitter,RecreationLaw,Facebook,Page,Outdoor,Adventure,Travel,Blog,Keywords,attorney,tourism,management,Human,youth,areas,Technorati,Tags,Windows,Live,viii,xiii,xvii,xviii,whether,cyclists,cyclist

Have a Comment? Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.