We are getting closer; New Helmet from 6D is pretty amazing and adds the most protections for head injuries of any helmet on the market.

Still no third-party testing to confirm any statements made by any helmet manufacturer; however, from my view, the engineer looks solid. It is the helmet I would wear. 6D Helmets does post testing from NIST (U.S. Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology).

The 6D Helmet was tested by Dynamic Research, located in Torrance, California, again a rare occurrence to identify the testing lab that developed the data, lending more credibility to the data.

Summary

6D Helmets evolved from motorcycle helmets so the company’s background is solid. However, the forces on the head and brain in a motorcycle crash are quite different from those of a cycling crash. 6D seems to have taken this into consideration in the design of its cycling helmets. 6D refers to all the directions that the brain can be subject to impact including rotational.

6D Helmets advertises its helmets can deal with Low, Mid, and High-Velocity impacts with its designs. Low speed impacts have been the major issue in current ASTM helmet standards because under that standard, there is not enough pressure to crack the helmet, therefore, no dissipation. Basically, the EPS density used in helmets is too high to affect low-speed crashes.

There is also an argument that the venting in cycling helmets increases the issue because the engineering for the venting increases the issues the EPS can deal with, increases the EPS density to sustain an impact.

One of the big issues with EPS helmets is after a crash, determining if the EPS is intact and is the helmet still viable. 6D Helmets‘ mountain-bike helmet as a removable liner so you can inspect the EPS to determine if it has been compromised.

The information on the website contains a ton of testing information, and as stated above, testing from U.S. Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The testing of the 6D Helmets is done against other unnamed helmets.

How I found out about 6D Helmets was a press release where they announced they had received a $250,000 grant as one of the finalists for a helmet competition. 6D Helmets won the competition.

The challenge was for an “Energy Management Material Solution.” Over 125 companies applied, and only 5 were chosen as finalists and awarded $250k to work further. One winner. The other companies were never disclosed.

However, that announcement that 6D Helmets won the competition listed the research lab doing the testing Dynamic Research, as a co-winner of the competition.

There is a lot of engineering, a lot of data and the classic website charts on the 6D Helmets website. I’ve looked it over and if true, it means another leap forward in helmet technology for human-powered recreation. You should read the information and study it for yourself as I’m not an engineer, and I could be wrong. I don’t think so……, but I could be.

Currently, 6D Helmets has helmets available for downhill and trail cycling. However, they hope to expand into ski soon and other sports also.

So?

I’m going to get one. I’m still going to wear my Bern Hard Hat (See A new idea that makes sense in helmets: the Bern Hard Hat), which is no longer produced I’ve been told, while skiing, if I wear a helmet. I believe that the Bern Hard Hat, like the 6D Helmet does a better job of protecting against concussions, the real issue with any head injury.

No helmet is going to keep you alive if you crash hard. Internal bleeding, a torn ascending aorta, is probably how you are going to die, no matter what is on your head. However, these helmets extend the protection from tree branch hits to maybe protecting your brain from a concussion.

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It’s a balance, healthy kids versus safe kids, health adults versus safe adults, polluted air versus clean air or more importantly, personal choice versus you telling me what to do.

Study from Sweden looks at the effects of cycling after a 2005 law requiring children to wear helmets while riding bikes.

This article came from a study by the Swedish Association of Transportation Planners. The article, What happens when you mandate helmet-wearing among young Swedish cyclists? is based on the study.

These are quotes from the article. Emphasize in bold is mine.

Mandatory helmet laws have been controversial in that they seem to have a limited effect on the number of head injuries, if at all, but instead are correlated with a decrease in cycling numbers.

Graph 1 shows the number of head injuries as a share of injuries to all parts of the body. The downward sloping lines indicate that head injuries are falling faster than other injuries.

clip_image001

 

As we can see there does not seem to be a difference between the trends of the different modes, suggesting that if there is any fall in the share of head injuries it is likely to be an effect of something that also applies to other or all road users.

However there does seem to be another effect of helmet laws, namely a decline in cycling among school children. In 1983 57% of children aged 7-9 had permission from their parents to bike to school without adult companion, and for the age group 10-12, 94% had such permission. By the year 2007 this had decreased to 25% and 79% respectively. Bearing in mind, the helmet law was introduced in 2005, we can’t be sure of a correlation, because the data consists of surveys from 1983 and then 2007. But we do also have data recording that the share of school journeys by bicycle fell from 33% in 2006 one year after the legislation to 29% in year 2012. The evidence does suggest that the effect of the helmet law primarily is that fewer children bike to school.

clip_image002

So the data does show a decline in cycling, but without annual surveys it’s hard to be sure of a correlation. However, a Danish report made the same link between declining cycling to school and helmet promotion and safety/scare campaigns. They determined that half the decline in cycling was caused by these campaigns, and half was caused by other factors such as more car traffic and longer distances to school.

From my perspective, laws telling me how to live don’t work, and this study shows that. Whether I wear a helmet is more personal issue that I should be allowed to decide.

More importantly, cycling increases the cyclist’s health, decreases air pollution and general promotes health. That is a greater benefit to all of us then the individual benefit of forcing someone to do something they may or may not want to do.

See: What happens when you mandate helmet-wearing among young Swedish cyclists?

Other Articles about this subject:

Bike Share programs flourish when helmets are not required                        http://rec-law.us/WrqmXI

Study shows that head injuries are on the rise on the slopes even though more people are wearing helmets                                                                                                                      http://rec-law.us/U91O73

Law requires helmets, injuries down fatalities up?                                           http://rec-law.us/YwLcea

Great editorial questioning why we need laws to “protect” us from ourselves.         http://rec-law.us/Ayswbo

Survey of UK physicians shows them against mandatory bicycle helmet laws.        http://rec-law.us/sYuH07

Recent UK poll shows that 10% of cyclists would quite biking if there was a compulsory helmet law.            http://rec-law.us/t1ByWk

 

 

 

 

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Want to make more money in retail? Then tell your clients that what helmet they purchase will affect their head. Spend more money, usually, and get more protection

Want to make more money in retail? Then tell your clients that what helmet they purchase will affect their head. Spend more money, usually, and get more protection

I am dismayed that some manufacturers, and many retailers sell helmets on price. A study recently showed that two helmets that both passed the requisite test, protected people from concussions at vastly different rates. Are you selling protection to people or just satisfying their need to think they are protecting themselves or their children?

The study was written about in Study Shows Concussion Risk ‘Dependent on Helmet’. The study can be found in the Journal of Neurosurgery and was titled “Can helmet design reduce the risk of concussion in football?: Technical note”. Simply stated a comparison was made between two helmets manufactured by the same company. Both helmets met all the requirements to be sold and used playing football.

However, one helmet had 54% fewer concussions by the players than the other!

Buying a helmet is not just putting something on a kid’s head and saying it looks good or is “pretty.” As a retailer, you have no legal obligation, but I think a great big ethical obligation to inform parents and purchases that there is a difference in the protection that helmets can provide.

There are helmets that are doing more than just passing the required tests.

Giro has a new helmet for skiing: Combyn™ helmet has a softshell design creating a greater range of hits that can be protected as well as greater over-all coverage for your head.

Lazer is coming out with several models for kids and adults with the MIPS protection system in the helmet. Ski helmets with MIPS will be Mozo DLX and Dissent DLX. Bike helmets with MIPS are P’Nut and Nut’Z kids helmets (available now) and the Beam and Helium (available spring for Beam and later in 2014 for Helium)

Kali Helmets: Kali is coming up with some new ideas in helmet technology that will change the way helmets perform.

MIPS: If you need a helmet for any sport that is not a DOT helmet, get one with MIPS inside. Testing shows it will make a difference.

Do Something

If you are serious about protecting your head, you need to drop the cash necessary to get a good helmet. Find out what each helmet does and which one fits. Don’t worry about what it looks like. A helmet’s job is to keep your head looking the same way, so don’t worry about how you look wearing the helmet. Just be happy to take it off.

More articles on Helmets

A helmet manufacture understands the issues(Uvex, Mouthguards)          http://rec-law.us/xpxX6n

A new idea that makes sense in helmets: the Bern Hard Hathttp://rec-law.us/yPerOd

Bicycling Magazine, May 2012: Safe for Any Speed    http://rec-law.us/Vkle60

Does being safe make us stupid? Studies say yes.      http://rec-law.us/Ao5BBD

Great article on why helmet laws are stupid                   http://rec-law.us/zeOaNH

Great editorial questioning why we need laws to “protect” us from ourselves.         http://rec-law.us/Ayswbo

Helmet death ignited by misconception and famous personalities    http://rec-law.us/wfa0ho

Helmets do not increase risk of a neck injury when skiing      http://rec-law.us/wPOUiM

Helmets: why cycling, skiing, skateboarding helmets don’t work       http://rec-law.us/RVsgkV

If you provide a bike in CT you don’t have to provide a helmet           http://rec-law.us/THidx6

Law requires helmets, injuries down fatalities up?       http://rec-law.us/YwLcea

Mixed emotions, but a lot of I told you so.                        http://rec-law.us/ysnWY2

More information over the debate about ski helmets: Ski Helmets ineffective crashes were the wear is going faster than 12 miles per hour                                 http://rec-law.us/z4CLkE

National Sporting Goods Association reports that Helmet use at US Ski Areas increased during the 2009-10 ski season                                                             http://rec-law.us/zZTzqa

OSHA Officially recommending helmets for ski area employees       http://rec-law.us/xo5yio

Other Voice on the Helmet Debate                                   http://rec-law.us/AzaU9Q

Skiing/Boarding Helmets and what is the correct message     http://rec-law.us/AzeCpS

Study shows that head injuries are on the rise on the slopes even though more people are wearing helmets                                                                                  http://rec-law.us/U91O73

Survey of UK physicians shows them against mandatory bicycle helmet laws.      http://rec-law.us/sYuH07

The helmet issue is so contentious people will say the stupidest things      http://rec-law.us/zhare9

 

 

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HIP-TEC Unveils the Future of Head Injury Prevention Technology

These guys understand the issues. Wow!

Passion to Change Helmet Standards and Save Lives Drives HIP-TEC Founders

Check out the website: http://www.hip-tec.com 

HIP-TEC LOGO

HIP-TEC (Head Injury Prevention Technology)—maker of the HIP-TEC Inside interior helmet protection system—today announced the company’s global launch and partnership program.  HIP-TEC focuses on making the best impact-absorbing interiors for the world’s top helmet companies.

HIP-TEC’s Inside interior helmet protection system is designed to fully integrate with other companies’ helmet shell concepts in an ingredient brand approach, meeting the needs and new benchmarks of the action sports industry and athletes that continue to push the limits of their sports.  HIP-TEC’s formulated and tested interior capsule dramatically exceeds today’s outdated helmet standards and designs, which concentrate on reducing single, high impact skull fractures.

In extensive independent testing at certified labs, with HIP-TEC implemented into a partner’s helmet, the severity of an impact is reduced by 40 – 60 percent across all angles, impact testing velocities and drop test heights.

“Our interior technology system is a game changer because it mitigates against all three accident scenarios that can contribute to head injuries — high velocity impacts, low speed falls and rotational impacts,” says HIP-TEC co-founder Nick Turner.  “Not only do helmets with HIP-TEC Inside technology significantly reduce the force of these impacts better than top helmet brands’ current interior technologies, HIP-TEC Inside outperformed while being 20 percent thinner than a traditional ski or bike helmet’s protective core.”

The technology has been co-developed over the past decade at internationally certified labs with development through Johns Hopkins University joint research projects and testing at HIP-TEC’s Truckee-based helmet lab.

Current medical research indicates that the lower the g-forces associated with an impact, the less likely a concussion will occur. HIP-TEC’s patent-pending layered design, lowers g-forces during an accident by slowing down the speed at which the head feels the weight of an impact, thus lowering the critical peak acceleration to dead stop and decreasing head and brain injuries. The formulated design of HIP-TEC allows protective layers to engage together as one unit or as separate energy absorbers depending on the severity of an impact.

 “Because of current standards decision makers refusal to recognize the progression of sport and new medical research findings, helmets are not evolving at the speed of the athletes they are designed to protect,” comments HIP-TEC co-founder Tom Feiten.  “International standards still require that a helmet is tested to keep an impact below 250 g’s (g-force) and then it’s certified to sale.  We firmly believe helmets still need to pass this standard, but at the same time they also must address accidents that are causing the majority of concussions happening at smaller, low falls that register between 90 and 150 g’s. HIP-TEC Inside does this and does it better when engineered into another brand’s helmet.” 

With its proven ability to lower the severity of head injuries and compatibility with current helmet shell designs, HIP-TEC technology is set to revolutionize action sports safety.

“It’s our friends and families pushing these sports and getting injured,” adds Turner. “Our mission and passion is to protect them through education and offering helmets brands the most protective interior technologies to integrate into their products.”

Based in Truckee, California, HIP-TEC (Head Injury Prevention Technology) solely focuses on making the best impact absorbing interiors for the world’s top helmet companies. The proprietary technology far outperforms current products and standards, meeting the needs and new benchmarks of industries and athletes that continue to push limits. HIP-TEC is part of FT Accelerator, a San Francisco-based growth program for fashion tech startups. Visit http://www.hip-tec.com to learn more about our technology and the future of interior helmet design.

TomFeiten_NickTurnerHeadShot

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Hopefully this will lead to better helmets that will make a difference.

Article looks at dozens of studies in cycling head injuries in several countries.

English: A commuter cyclist in the London morn...

There not need to say much, just read the following quotes then go read the entire article for yourself.

These sources show no improvement in serious injury trends as helmet use has become more common. Indeed, sometimes they suggest that the number or severity of injuries has increased.

In Great Britain, there was no detectable improvement in fatalities, serious injuries or the average severity of injuries to cyclists over the period 1985 to 2001, during which helmet use rose from close to zero to approx. 22%. Injury severity increased as helmet use became more common

In Greater London, cyclist injuries became more serious as helmet use increased in the mid 1990s. In Edinburgh, also with approx. 50% helmet wearing, casualties have become more serious as helmet use has increased

In the USA, cyclists suffered more head injuries in 2001 than in 1991 although helmet use had increased from 18% to 50%.

In Australia, helmet laws caused head injuries to fall by 11% to 21%. But cycle use fell by 30% to 60%, suggesting that those who continued to cycle were more at risk.

In New Zealand, large increases in helmet use have not brought any reduction in the proportion of serious head injuries. Some reduction in mild concussions and lacerations has been balanced by an increase in neck injuries

More generally, concerns have been expressed that helmets may increase the risk of the most serious types of head injury typical of road crashes and which involve rotational forces

In the coming years, there is going to be some major changes and revelations on helmets in skiing and cycling.

Cycling

Remember you do not get a concussion when you hit your head. You get a concussion when your brain bounces back and forth inside your skull. Look at snow and look at your ski helmet and tell me which is softer. Which is going to absorb more? Which is going to slow the force to spread it out over time? Cycling helmets are slightly different because of the speed and chances of hitting pavement. However?

More importantly, why are head injuries increasing in all of those studies (except the Australian one) when helmet use is

increasing?

See What evidence is there that cycle helmets reduce serious injury?

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Bike Share programs flourish when helmets are not required

Health Benefits increase when more people ride bikes

The article looks at bike share programs and what makes them successful. Contrary to popular belief, weather or terrain are not as important as the attitude that getting on a bike is more important than anything else. Anything else includes riding without a helmet.

One common denominator of successful bike programs around the world — from Paris to Barcelona to Guangzhou — is that almost no one wears a helmet, and there is no pressure to do so.

The article does not deny that wearing a helmet prevents head injuries. The article, like numerous studies have shown is that head injuries are exceedingly rare in cycling.

Yes, there are studies that show that if you fall off a bicycle at a certain speed and hit your head, a helmet can reduce your risk of serious head injury. But such falls off bikes are rare — exceedingly so in mature urban cycling systems.

The balance is the risk of a head injury to the risk of other issues: “means more obesity, heart disease and diabetes.” Not cycling also leads to more pollution in our cities. Mathematical modeling shows the risk of not cycling outweighs the risks of cycling without a helmet 20 to 1.

Statistically, if we wear helmets for cycling, maybe we should wear helmets when we climb ladders or get into a bath, because there are lots more injuries during those activities.” The European Cyclists’ Federation says that bicyclists in its domain have the same risk of serious injury as pedestrians per mile traveled. [Emphasize added]

So if you want to reduce the risk of a head injury you should wear a helmet while walking; which is how cycling helmets were designed anyway. Cycling helmets only protect from being dropped on your head, or as a pedestrian from something dropping on your head. Not from falls that occur where you hit your head from the front, back or side. (See Helmets: why cycling, skiing, skateboarding helmets don’t work.)

Although not scientific, this is fairly clear that helmets may inhibit bike riding with bike share programs.

A two-year-old bike-sharing program in Melbourne, Australia — where helmet use in mandatory — has only about 150 rides a day, despite the fact that Melbourne is flat, with broad roads and a temperate climate. On the other hand, helmet-lax Dublin — cold, cobbled and hilly — has more than 5,000 daily rides in its young bike-sharing scheme.

Why should you understand this? Because public perception about helmets is important in promoting and encouraging the program. If you complain to government officials about bike share programs not requiring helmets, you will pay for that complaint with your wallet. Heart attacks and the problems of obesity will cost more than the rare head injury.

Instead of requiring helmets, we need to make cycling safer.

Instead of promoting helmet use, European cycling advocates say, cities should be setting up safer bike lanes to slow traffic or divert it entirely from downtown areas.

This is my favorite quote from the article.

Before you hit the comment button and tell me that you know someone whose life was probably saved by a bike helmet, I know someone, too. I also know someone who believes his life was saved by getting a blood test for prostate specific antigen, detecting prostate cancer.

Before you comment about your friend whose life was saved, which I have no doubt, remember I’ll respond with the above quote.

See To Encourage Biking, Cities Lose the Helmets

To read more about this issue see:

A father of a deceased skier pushing for a helmet law in New Jersey.         http://rec-law.us/AAfNa6

A helmet manufacture understands the issues(Uvex, Mouthguards)          http://rec-law.us/xpxX6n

A new idea that makes sense in helmets: the Bern Hard Hat                         http://rec-law.us/yPerOd

Bicycling Magazine, May 2012: Safe for Any Speed      http://rec-law.us/Vkle60

California bill to require helmets on skiers and boarders under age 18 dies lacking governor’s signature.            http://rec-law.us/ymLukz

Does being safe make us stupid? Studies say yes.       http://rec-law.us/Ao5BBD

Great article on why helmet laws are stupid                     http://rec-law.us/zeOaNH

Great editorial questioning why we need laws to “protect” us from ourselves.         http://rec-law.us/Ayswbo

Helmet death ignited by misconception and famous personalities                http://rec-law.us/wfa0ho

Helmets do not increase risk of a neck injury when skiing                              http://rec-law.us/wPOUiM

Helmets: why cycling, skiing, skateboarding helmets don’t work                   http://rec-law.us/RVsgkV

I could not make my son wear a helmet so I’m going to make you wear one           http://rec-law.us/xZjuvH

I once thought you had to take an IQ test to run to be a state legislator. You could run only if you flunk the test                                                                                     http://rec-law.us/x3nWN1

I once thought you had to take an IQ test to run to be a state legislator. You could run only if you flunk the test.                                                                                    http://rec-law.us/x3nWN1

If you provide a bike in CT you don’t have to provide a helmet                       http://rec-law.us/THidx6

Law requires helmets, injuries down fatalities up?         http://rec-law.us/YwLcea

Mixed emotions, but a lot of I told you so.                         http://rec-law.us/ysnWY2

More information over the debate about ski helmets: Ski Helmets ineffective crashes were the wear is going faster than 12 miles per hour                                   http://rec-law.us/z4CLkE

National Sporting Goods Association reports that Helmet use at US Ski Areas increased during the 2009-10 ski season                                                               http://rec-law.us/zZTzqa

OSHA Officially recommending helmets for ski area employees                   http://rec-law.us/xo5yio

Other Voice on the Helmet Debate                                    http://rec-law.us/AzaU9Q

Recent UK poll shows that 10% of cyclists would quite biking if there was a compulsory helmet law.            http://rec-law.us/t1ByWk

Skiing/Boarding Helmets and what is the correct message                             http://rec-law.us/AzeCpS

Study shows that head injuries are on the rise on the slopes even though more people are wearing helmets                                                                                   http://rec-law.us/U91O73

Survey of UK physicians shows them against mandatory bicycle helmet laws.      http://rec-law.us/sYuH07

The helmet issue is so contentious people will say the stupidest things      http://rec-law.us/zhare9

 

What do you think? Leave a comment.

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FB, Twitter or LinkedIn

Copyright 2012 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law

blog@rec-law.us

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By Recreation Law          Rec-law@recreation-law.com   James H. Moss                  Jim Moss

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Helmets: why cycling, skiing, skateboarding helmets don’t work

Thanks to Brad Waldron at Kali Protectives for giving me the visual to explain this.

A helmet needs to absorb energy to work. The more energy a helmet absorbs the more protection a helmet provides. If you look at the inside of your helmet

Bike helmet

what is there to absorb energy?

A helmet does not work by being a hard surface to protect your head from head injuries. Hard surfaces protect your head from pointed objects. Think Knights of the Round Table and spears and arrows. If you are riding a bike or skiing and someone is shooting arrows at you, you need a hard helmet.

Hitting the ground is different. Your brain bounces around inside your skill causing damage; a concussion. You need something to absorb the impact and soften the blow or extend the time the impact (force) is being applied to your head, which softens the blow. Helmets as they are currently used, do not do that.

Think about the issue this way. If you drop a weight on an egg, say 11 pounds from 4 feet the egg is going to smash. If you put a book on top of the egg and drop the 11-pound weight the egg is still going to smash. The amount of energy transmitted to the egg maybe reduced by the book; however, the energy reduction is not enough to protect the egg.

A Bicycle or ski helmet is the same way. There is some energy absorption, but not enough to protect your brain.

If you want to know why I picked 11 pounds from 4 feet that is the test for helmets. Watch Video of cycling helmet testing. No one is testing the force on the head, if the helmet absorbs any of the force, or if the impact broke your neck.

On top of that, always remember the helmet is tested with the impact landing in the center top of the helmet. When you fall to make sure you drive your head into the ground hitting the helmet in the center on top of your head to receive the maximum protection.

See for yourself. This is the UIAA (European) Test for Helmets.

clip_image001

This test is for climbing and some European ski helmets. In the US, a bike helmet and ski helmets are not tested for lateral force, slippage or chin strap strength.

There are some organizations that test the helmets to greater extremes such as Consumer Reports, but all they are doing is testing the helmet. They are not looking at whether the helmet protects your head. See Consumer Reports Bike Helmet Testing.

We are not testing whether a helmet looks good after an impact. We are testing whether the helmet protects your head from an impact and the drop test does not test that sufficiently, if at all.

If you want to test this yourself, figure a way to stick an egg under a helmet and drop a weight on the helmet. The egg is still going to crack or break.

Yes, your head is not an egg. It is just easier to see the results with an egg. The helmet did not decrease the pressure enough to protect the egg. The injury still occurred. If you could take the time to measure the breaking strength of an egg and then start below that number and drop weights on the helmet you would see a difference eventually which would be the amount of protections the helmet provides. However, that number would be small and probably no different from what a plastic bowl would do.

If you really want to test this, go buy two eggs.  Drop one from 15 feet and see what happens to the egg. Tape the other one in your helmet and drop it from the same height. The egg will crack (and make a real mess in your helmet).

Want more laughs about this? Watch this video where a cardboard helmet does a better job of protecting your head, by absorbing more force, than a bicycle helmet. See Kranium helmet Crash Test

Yes, your head is not an egg. Yes, a helmet will protect you from minor hits. Yes, a helmet is probably better than not using a helmet, unless the process stops you from riding a bike or skiing. The health benefits of activity out weight the risk of a head injury.

If that is the case, then why not wear a helmet when you drive, shower or work in the kitchen. All three have a far greater risk of head injuries then cycling.

However, we have not looked at whether using helmets deters activities. See TEDxCopenhagen – Mikael Colville-Andersen – Why We Shouldn’t Bike with a Helmet. I love the fact the in the video Mr. Colville-Andersen lets you know that the helmet tests were designed for pedestrians wearing helmets. Also he points out that helmet laws do not reduce head injuries. They reduce the total number of people riding bikes, which results in a reduction of head injuries.

Nor have we looked at the issue of the advertised protection versus the real protection afforded by a helmet.

Finally, we have not looked at whether wearing a helmet makes you react in a way to protect other parts of your body rather than your head. If you fall you natural protect your head. Your arms go out to keep your head form hitting the ground and then your cradle your head from being hit or hitting the ground. This accounts for tons of videos and statements when people hold up their battered helmet and say my helmet saved my life.

However, a helmet will not save your life. If you want to be cool and have a helmet that might protect your head watch this video: Hövding krocktest

But without bike and ski helmets where would we mount our video cameras?

References:

"Hairnet" helmet

Gourley, Jim, Bicycle Times August 1, 2011, Pull Your Head Out of Your…Helmet

Kim Gorgens: Protecting the brain against concussion

A.J. Jacobs: How healthy living nearly killed me

TEDxCopenhagen – Mikael Colville-Andersen – Why We Shouldn’t Bike with a Helmet

Other Articles on Helmets:

A father of a deceased skier pushing for a helmet law in New Jersey.

A helmet manufacture understands the issues(Uvex, Mouthguards)

A new idea that makes sense in helmets: the Bern Hard Hat

California bill to require helmets on skiers and boarders under age 18 dies lacking governor’s signature.

Does being safe make us stupid? Studies say yes.

Great article on why helmet laws are stupid

Great editorial questioning why we need laws to “protect” us from ourselves.

Helmet death ignited by misconception and famous personalities

Helmets do not increase risk of a neck injury when skiing

I could not make my son wear a helmet so I’m going to make you wear one

I once thought you had to take an IQ test to run to be a state legislator. You could run only if you flunk the test

Mixed emotions, but a lot of I told you so.

More information over the debate about ski helmets: Ski Helmets ineffective crashes were the wear is going faster than 12 miles per hour

National Sporting Goods Association reports that Helmet use at US Ski Areas increased during the 2009-10 ski season

OSHA Officially recommending helmets for ski area employees

Other Voice on the Helmet Debate

Recent UK poll shows that 10% of cyclists would quite biking if there was a compulsory helmet law.

Skiing/Boarding Helmets and what is the correct message

Survey of UK physicians shows them against mandatory bicycle helmet laws.

What do you think? Leave a comment.

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FB, Twitter or LinkedIn

Copyright 2012 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law

blog@rec-law.us

Twitter: RecreationLaw

Facebook: Rec.Law.Now

Facebook Page: Outdoor Recreation & Adventure Travel Law

Blog:www.recreation-law.com

Mobile Site: http://m.recreation-law.com

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Do you really want to sell helmets this way? Does this article promote the industry?

Or does this article just create liability issues?

I recently read an article in a trade magazine about selling cycling helmets. As usual, it caught my attention, but for different reasons. This article was directed at retailers as an educational tool on how to sell helmets. However, the article was at best misleading and would probably get the retailer in trouble in the future. Besides, it created a sales program focused on the negative side of cycling rather than the benefits.

Here are the quotes that I found amusing, actually laughable if they were not so wrong.

As a bike storeowner,thisrgivessyouvbothoanbincredibleropportunityr–uandya–powerfuloresponsibilityi–itotupsell yourlbikeucustomerssandeconvinceothemctotpurchaseuachelmet andmperhapspsavepa life.a life.

It’s your responsibility to inform your customers of the invaluable protection a helmet provides, the importance of wearing a safe helmet that fits well, as well as the dangers and statistics of cycling-related head injuries.

According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), 91% of bicyclists killed in 2009 weren’t wearing helmets. The IIHS has estimated that wearing a helmet can reduce head injuries by 85%.

In the United States the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) regulates helmet law.

…-keep a helmet in shambles from a crash on display and include a testimony about the life it saved…

[emphasize added]

Seriously? This was written let alone allowed into print?

However, it was the hocus pocus of a graph in the article that caught my eye.

Bicyclist deaths by helmet se, 1994-2009

No Helmet Use

Helmet Use

Total

Year

Num

%

Num

%

Num

1994

776

97

19

2

796

1995

783

95

34

4

828

And so on through 2009.

The title implies the deaths occurred because cyclists did not wear a helmet. If you take two unrelated numbers and compare them, you can accomplish anything. For proof of this do a web search for “moon landings,” “Kennedy assignation,” and “World trade center,” for an interesting journey through made-up  statistics to prove this point. Here they point out who died without a helmet compared to who died wearing a helmet and imply that everyone who died without a helmet died of a head injury.

Absolute fabrication of statistics to scare people!

Helmets prevent head injuries; helmets don’t save lives. If you are involved in an accident severe enough that a head injury will kill you, other parts of your body will be injured severely enough to kill you.

So let’s tackle these misstatements in the article.

As a bike storeowner, this gives you both an incredible opportunity – and a powerful responsibility – to upsell your bike customers and convince them to purchase a helmet and perhaps save a life.

As a retailer you have NO legal responsibility to your customers as far as educating them. You DO have a legal responsibility to educate them correctly if you do educate them. Whether or not you have a moral or ethical responsibility is something you must deal with and a risk you must accept. That risk evaluation also includes losing money by not selling accessories like helmets. However, it is shameful for this article to try to place a burden on a retailer for not selling a helmet.

Helmets do not save lives; helmets may prevent head injuries.

It’s your responsibility to inform your customers of the invaluable protection a helmet provides, the importance of wearing a safe helmet that fits well, as well as the dangers and statistics of cycling-related head injuries.

What is a “safe helmet?”

If you are going to use statistics to prove your point, then you better understand what you are saying. You cannot take two “stats” and compare them to prove a point when the numbers are derived from different sources or different factors. (A perfect example of this is the chart that went with the article).

According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), 91% of bicyclists killed in 2009 weren’t wearing helmets. The IIHS has estimated that wearing a helmet can reduce head injuries by 85%.

Just because a large percentage of people died who were not wearing a helmet does not mean you can then say those people died of a head injury. That is like saying 97% of the people in the US who eat ice cream do not get cancer. Only three percent of the population gets cancer anyway.  However, that statistic is 100% correct and 100% meaningless, just like the statistics in the article. (However, you can use this statistic to eat more ice cream if you want.)

In the United States, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) regulates helmet law.

This is the second time I’ve seen this in the past couple of months. NO! The CPSC is tasked with eliminating dangerous products. If a helmet is not doing what you say it is supposed to do AND there is the possibility of injury, then the CPSC can become involved. There are no federal helmet laws. The CPSC is a federal agency. There are some state helmet laws and some federal regulations concerning helmets. Those regulations are all based on a product meeting the tests of either a testing organization (ASTM, ANSI, etc.) or private non-profit organizations that test helmets (Snell).

…-keep a helmet in shambles from a crash on display and include a testimony about the life it saved…

These numbers also lead one to believe the people died because the cyclist was wrong and not wearing a helmet. However, that is not true either. Cyclists die when vehicles hit them. If the speed of impact is greater than 30 to 40 mph, the cyclists have almost a zero chance of surviving the impact. (See Zone 30 and Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices.) Distracted drivers, drivers not paying attention, drivers who don’t care kill cyclist with or without a helmet. See Sharing the Road With Bicycles for more examples.

Do Something

Why is this important? Because consumers do trust and believe retailers as the article points out. If you provide consumers with information which they rely upon in making a purchase which is incorrect and results in an injury you are liable. The manufacturer is going to walk away from this lawsuit without paying a dime. This is a lawsuit the retailer alone must fight.

The retailer made a misstatement that the consumer relied upon to the consumer’s detriment.

This helmet will save your life. The cyclists die of a head injury, and the retailer is writing a check.

You have to educate the consumer; however, when you do that you need to know what is correct. You cannot give the consumer incorrect information. You need to tell the consumer helmets prevent head injuries. No one knows, and there is zero proof that helmets save lives. In fact, the opposite is true. Looking at injury and fatality reports, helmets do nothing to save lives.

What is bad about this article is the fact the article was written by a helmet manufacture and published by an industry magazine. The magazine failed its readers because it published an article without checking the facts in the article. The manufacture that wrote the article is selling helmets based on made-up  statistics and facts to promote fear.

Cheap journalism is bad journalism.

On top of that are we helping cycling? If you are trying to sell a helmet to someone based on fear, are we helping the sport? Or are we telling parents that cycling is too dangerous for their kid? Is that how you want to sell cycling; this is a dangerous sport, so spend another $100 with me?

Studies show that using fear or laws to scare people into using helmet’s results in less people cycling. See Cyclists Without Helmets Deserve to Die, Doctors Argue Against Mandatory Bike Helmet Laws or Liberty or death; don’t tread on me.

What do you think? Leave a comment.

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Law requires helmets, injuries down fatalities up?

However the article eventually does explain some great ideas about helmets.

An article Injuries have dropped since mandatory rule came in, but fatalities remain the same was written to look at the effects of a mandatory helmet law in British Columbia, Canada. The law was enacted in 1996. Riding a bike without a helmet can get you a $40 ticket.

One part of the article says that fatalities are down. The article also states:

Statistics compiled by the Bicycle Helmet Research Foundation show that injuries from cyclists involved in collisions did decrease from 35% of all police attended collisions in 1995 to 31% of those collisions by 1999.

However, a Canadian ministry says that bicycle fatalities have not decreased. “However in 2010, the Superintendent of Motor Vehicles admitted that fatalities had not decreased since the introduction of the helmet law.”

The article then states:

Bicycle helmet proponents are the subject of a great number of myths and exaggerations, some of which feature prominently in the promotion of helmets, according to the foundation.

These proponents claim that helmets prevent 85% of head injuries and 88% of brain injuries. But the foundation claims that where helmet use has become significant, there has been no detectable reduction in head injuries relative to cycle use.

Another myth, according to the foundation, is that bicycle helmets prevent 90% of fatalities.

“This prediction comes from a single source and is not reflected by real-world experience. Fatality trends in countries where helmet use has become significant give no reason to believe that helmets have saved even a single life,” the foundation states at http://www.cyclehelmets.org.

The article is full of confusing facts. However at least the article tackles the issues concerning helmets and dispels a few myths.

I suspect that injuries are down; however attributing that to helmets is difficult. Why injuries are up, could just be a factor of more people riding bikes, bikes that enable riders to go a lot faster or more cars on the road, as well as any number of different reasons.

Bicycle helmets may prevent a minor head injury, however most people do not believe that helmet may save your life.

What do you think? Leave a comment.

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Lazer Sport Press Release – Lazer Sport launches new website for 2012 along with “Love Lazer” Official Helmeteer Contest!

LAZER SPORT PRESS RELEASE MARCH 2, 2012
LAZER SPORT NV
Find a dealerVisit our websiteContact us!LAZER SPORT NV
Are you a fan of Lazer Sport on Facebook?Photos, stories, interviews, and monthly fan contests for great products and prizes are all part of our regular updates on Facebook! Become a fan of Lazer on Facebook today!Find us on Facebook
Lazer Sport now on Google+!Lazer is now part of the newest social media site on the internet! Lots of content here that you won’t find on our other sites. Put Lazer in your Google+ Circles today!google+
Follow Lazer Sport on Twitter!Keep up with everything happening with Lazer Sport, rider news, race results and more by following us on Twitter!Follow us on Twitter
Belgian HeadCase official Lazer blog!Belgian HeadCase Screen ShotSponsored team and rider updates, videos, news and information can all be found on the official blog for Lazer Sport, Belgian HeadCase!
Lazer is proud to support the following partners!27.jpgTelenet Fidea33.jpgLUNA Pro Team

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raceclub

Bart Brentjens Mountainbike Racing Team

Use your head!Use your head!
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Lazer Sport launches new website for 2012 along with “Love Lazer” Official Helmeteer Contest!423529_10150677220702281_83391132280_9053884_1572300575_n.jpgLazer is proud to announce the launch of our 2012 website! You can find our site at www.lazersport.comAll our products for 2012 including bicycle helmets, snow helmets and eyewear products are represented on our site. Product information and details, product videos as well as Lazer news regarding our company and sponsored teams and athletes can all be found. Check it out!Along with our new website we are excited to announce the Love Lazer Official Helmeteer Contest! One lucky fan of Lazer Sport will win an Official Lazer Helmeteering Package that includes the following:

430112_10150677220527281_83391132280_9053882_586415782_n.jpg

– Their choice of any one model and color Lazer helmet

– Their choice of any one model and color Lazer Vision Optics Eyewear

– An official Lazer cycling jersey

– A “special edition” Lazer carbon road or cyclocross frame manufactured by Ridley Bikes!

– Lazer t-shirt, hat, button, sticker set and more!

The contest starts March 1st and runs through March 31st with the winner to be named on April 16, 2012!

How to enter the “Love Lazer” Contest:

– Check out our new website at: www.lazersport.com

– Look for something on our website that inspires you. A product name, product image, a photo, a phrase, anything!

– When you are out and about look for something around you that reflects that inspiration and use your smartphone to capture on image. The photo can be of whatever you choose, it only needs to reflect your inspiration from our website and your love for Lazer! Helmets, glasses, bicycles, cycling, racing, nature, urban, rural, environment, people, places, things, WHATEVER YOU WANT! We are looking for creativity, beauty, cleverness, something that means something to you. The only requirement is that it is an original image that you produced yourself. Use Instagram, Lightbox, Retro Camera, your stock smartphone camera, the choice is yours.

– Post the image, or a link, to Twitter. Title the image what inspired you from our website and make sure you include the hashtag #lovelazer. This will assure that we can find your image!

– The contest will run from March 1 to March 31 2012. We will post the best images to our special Tumblr blog located at: http://lovelazer.tumblr.com

– On April 1st we will select the best images from all those posted and then conduct a public vote on those images. Voting will take place April 9 – 13 with the winner announced on April 16 2012!

Note:

Images posted, or linked to Twitter, using the hashtag #lovelazer must be original images created by the individual posting or linking to the image. Posting copyrighted images, or images not of your own creation, will result in disqualification from the contest.

By posting your image, or link to your image, using the hashtag #lovelazer you waive your copyrights to this image and allow Lazer to use this image during and following the contest for promotion and marketing purposes.

No purchase is necessary to participate in the contest.

Enter as many times as you like!

See additional rules here.

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Great article on why helmet laws are stupid

Either that or we should be wearing helmets at dinner.

Yes I know I write a lot about helmets. However the most important issue I write about is to make people think about what they do and why. In this case you are not solving any problems and you are creating greater liability issues.

The article was written because a new law in Nova Scotia requires skiers and riders to wear helmets. The law carries a $250 fine. On top of that, there “will, indeed, be helmet cops on the slopes. The minimum fine is $250.

The head injury rate is pretty low. “…since 2000, 11 helmetless skiers and snowboarders have suffered such an injury on the slopes of Nova Scotia.” That is one head injury per year in Nova Scotia from head injuries.

Simply put the article looks at the risks of a head injury in Nova Scotia from skiing based on the injury stats of Canada.

In 2003-04, one in 4,100 Canadians was admitted to hospital for head trauma suffered in a fall, and one in 5,300 for head trauma suffered in a car accident. Bill 131 proposes to offset, by 60%, a risk of roughly one in the population of Nova Scotia, which is 945,000.

If you want to stop head injuries, you would legislate wearing a helmet while driving. That would prevent more head injuries.

The articles intent is to point out there is no logical basis in the way laws are created. Instead of asking “why” they need a new law, legislators are asking “why not.”

Or as I say, what can I do, no matter how stupid, that will put me on the front page of a newspaper to help me get reelected.

It’s a great article. See Why not enact pointless ski helmet law?

What do you think? Leave a comment.

Copyright 2011 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law, blog@Rec-law.us

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ACA Standards are used by Expert for the Plaintiff in a lawsuit against a Camp

This case shows how standards, written by a great organization with good intentions can be used to help, encourage and support lawsuits against its own members.

This case was settled, but it is full of information that everyone who may be a defendant needs to understand.
This case was started by a woman, the plaintiff, more than five years after she had spent a couple of weeks at a summer camp. She was not a camper nor was she working at the camp. She had been invited out by a staff member to give her a break from home. Allegedly, she was (consensually although there may have been statutory issues) sexually assaulted by an older staff member. She sued the staff member and the camp.

The plaintiff, to support her position, hired an expert witness. This is a common practice to support a claim. The expert witness’s job is to prove the defendant camp had acted in violation of the standard of care for camps. The plaintiff’s expert was an ACA standards visitor. The Expert Opinion by the ACA standards visitor was used in the plaintiff’s motion to support a claim that the defendant Camps actions warranted an award of Punitive Damages.

Punitive damages, are damages awarded by the jury above and beyond actual or compensatory damages. The damages are meant to punish the defendant. Punitive damages are not covered by insurance, are not dischargeable in bankruptcy and are in addition to any other damages. The defendant must pay punitive damages, if awarded, no matter what. Consequently, if the court approves the motion to ask for punitive damages in a case, it almost always forces the defendant to settle for fear of having to pay money out of their own pocket. The facts are never thoroughly litigated because they fear of the punitive is overriding. Even if you are 100% right, you may still settle in if punitive damages is a real threat.

The expert for the plaintiff (no relationship to me) was listed as an expert because she was an American Camp Association Accreditation Standards visitor. The experts Resume listed her ACA membership and her ACA Associate Visitor status second only to her education. The “Standards” allegedly violated were the 1998 ACA Accreditation Standards for Camp Programs and Services.

The expert opinion listed five areas that the camp had violated the standard of care for camps. Those areas are listed in the report as Opinion 1 through 5. ACA standards were used to support the expert’s opinion in three of the violations.

The first opinion rendered was the defendant camp violated the then ACA Accreditation Standards – HR-10. HR-10 states no camp staff member is to be under 16 years of age. The plaintiff at the time she was visiting camp was 14.

The first issue is the standard was applied to a fact situation that really had nothing to do with the claim. However, because there was a standard that could be linked to the claim, no matter how remote, the standard was alleged to be violated by the defendant. The plaintiff in this case was not a camp staff member, was not a volunteer, and was not getting paid. She was there for a break from her family. Nevertheless, the standard was applied to show the defendant camp should be held liable for punitive damages.

The second issue is the standard created by the trade association that the camp was a member of, was used to show the camp was negligent. That is just wrong!

Opinion 4 stated that 4 ACA Camp Standards were violated:

HR-11 requires six days of pre-camp staff training of employees.

HR-12 required late hire training for employees.

HR-13 requires implementation of in-service training for employees.

HR-19 requires specific training for staff supervisors to maintain staff performance and address inappropriate staff behavior.

The plaintiff had not received any training. I’ve never seen a camp train any visitor. (Although I’m sure you wish you could sometimes!)

All four “Standards” were violated because the plaintiff did not receive any of the training required by the ACA “Standards”. Again, visitors to camp need to go through training? Late hire camp staff training? Hire usually means someone is employed, consequently, paid, which never occurred here.

Opinion No. 5 stated the defendant camp violated ACA Standard HW-19 and ACA Standard HW-20 on the proper system of health care camp record keeping. This was alleged because a cut the plaintiff received was not recorded in the nurse’s log.

What is so interesting about this issue was there was no allegation that the cut the plaintiff had received was received or treated negligently. Nothing in the lawsuit claimed the way the plaintiff received the cut, the first aid or treatment was negligent. The complaint just stated she received a cut and was taken home by her parents. The suit claimed that an older camp staff employee had sexual relations with the plaintiff.

However, this is a perfect example of how plaintiffs use any violation of the standard, whether or not it has anything to do with the claim, to make the defendant look bad in the eyes of the court and the jury. Good defendants do not violate standards. Here the defendant was obviously bad because the standard was not met.

There is no way that any camp can operate and not violate one of the “Standards” at some time during the camp season! 1998 there were just too many of them. In 2011 there are even more.
 
To support the allegations made in the plaintiff’s expert report copies of the “Standards” were attached to the report. The following pages were attached to the report:

Cover Page
Title Page
Table of Contents vii
Table of Contents viii
Page 92 HR-10 Staff Age Requirements
Page 93 continuation of HR-10 and HR-11
Page 94 continuation of HR-11, HR-12 and HR-13
Page 97 HR-18 and HR-19
Page 98 continuation of HR-19 and HR-20
Page 67 HW-19 Recordkeeping
Page 68 HW-20 and HW-21

Why only those pages? Because those are the important pages the plaintiff wants the judge to see. There are limits to how big motions can be how many pages the judge will read, pages, etc. Those are all valid arguments and are real for only putting in the important documents as exhibits.

However “standards” are written with disclaimers and limitations and definitions, none of which are ever given to the court. The court is never shown that there may be limitations to what the “Standards” mean or how they are applied.

Even if those were supplied, the court must apply the definitions that are in the statute or by law first and then as used in the community or industry second. See Words: You cannot change a legal definition.

Trade Associations write standards with the mistaken believe that the plaintiff’s experts and the court will apply the standards exactly the way the standards are intended to be written. The facts are once the standards are printed the trade association loses all control no matter how many pages of disclaimers are put in the information.

So the judge in this case, who is pressed for time, reads the report and has a list of standards that are violated. A standard is the optimum word. The camp was below the minimum level of acting or not acting that was set by the camps own trade association. That is all that is needed to keep the case moving forward. Standards were violated. Therefore, there may be negligence. That must go to a jury, there must be a trial and the cost to the defendant (and its insurance company) climbs even higher. (Consequently, your premiums increase also. See Insurance 101 if you don’t fully understand this.)

Even if the additional documentation is put into evidence, the legal definition of the words is going to be used, not how the word is defined in the standards book. See Words: You cannot change a legal definition.

Nor does the court have the opportunity to delve into the standards to find out that most of them are not really standards but suggestions, ideas or just good practices. However, by identifying the book as standard there is a legal definition applied to the work that is just as dangerous as it may be helpful.

Some might say that if the camp was bad then lawsuits get rid of bad camps (or other defendants). However, that never works. This camp did not close up. In fact, in my opinion, this camp was sued because it tried to help out a confused young woman. The end effect is there will be no more attempts to help anyone in the future.

The only real consequence of this lawsuit was the amount of time that spent working on the case. Some money might have moved between the parties, and the attorneys and expert witnesses made money.

Let’s look at the opinion no 1 of the plaintiff’s expert witness. The standard says that employees should not be under the age of 16. Most camps are run by families. Many times there may be two or three generations at the camp. If a staff member sends their 15 year old son to the tool shed to get a tool and in the process the son accidentally knocks over a camper, injuring the camper, the camp has violated that standard. No 16 year olds should be hired by a camp. However, he wasn’t hired. Well, we’ve seen how that does not work, and he was working, providing a benefit for the camp.

The camp has a couple of options.

1. Not allow their children at camp until they are 16.

2. Violate the standard.

You are going to take your kids to camp and have them play video games and watch TV or are you going to put them to work. If you put them to work before they reach the age of 16 you are violating a standard created by a trade association for your benefit.

Say you are an organization that works to install leadership, training and teamwork into the youth. It is common in your organization for the youth to be responsible for other members. (Sound like any organization you know?) Your camps are staffed predominantly by youth because of the training and goals of the organization. Every single one of those camps is in violation of the standard HR-10 (as it was in 1998).
If your youth organization is focused in leadership training and does that by helping youth move up to more advanced and important leadership positions, the entire program will fail if you say to the 14 year olds, wait two years until you turn 16 to move up to the next level, camp staff.

These are just two scenarios where the standard set forth in HR-10 (which is almost identical in the latest version) can be used to sue a camp every single day of the year. However, in both scenarios, nothing has been done wrong other than taking your kid to work and following your youth program guidelines.

Are all standards bad? No, standards for things are great. Concrete “acts” the same way every day. A fight with a spouse, traffic on the way to work, rain, none of this affects concrete. It is going to support XX thousands of pounds of weight. Standards for things work. People and how people operate are subject to millions of things, weather and other people. We don’t’ react the same way. We aren’t affected the same way. We don’t respond the same way, who can you write something down that says we will, no matter what.

For other articles about standards see:

This is how a standard in the industry changes…..but….

Can a Standard Impede Inventions?

Playgrounds will be flat soon

Words: You cannot change a legal definition

Trade Association Standards sink a Summer Camp when plaintiff uses them to prove Camp was negligent

The motion where the expert witness’ report was filed is here.

What do you think? Leave a comment.

Copyright 2010 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law, Recreation.Law@Gmail.com

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