Grand Canyon Gondola Project seems to be Derailed

Grand Canyon Trust
Hello Friends,Good news! Years of fighting a well-funded campaign to build a mega resort and tramway on the Grand Canyon’s east rim have finally paid off.Save the Confluence family members and Navajo citizens opposed to the proposed “Escalade” development are celebrating. Escalade’s promoters are no longer employed in the executive office of the Navajo Nation.

On May 12, Navajo President Russell Begaye took office. The next day he issued a firm statement against Escalade. Begaye’s vice president, Jonathan Nez, added “any attempts to pass legislation to proceed with the development would be vetoed by the president.”

Save the Confluence family members expressed relief and thanked the new leaders for ending their “nightmare” under the Ben Shelly administration: “We believe ‘the two mighty’ rivers, the Colorado and the Little Colorado, have spoken.” They concluded that “while the president’s stance is being recognized as good and welcome news, we will remain cautious of the Navajo Nation Council.”

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As you know, protecting the Grand Canyon requires constant vigilance. The Forest Service is currently seeking public comments on whether to pave the way for a large subdivision and several million square feet of retail space near Tusayan, within half a mile of Grand Canyon National Park. You have until June 2, 2015 to comment.

The Grand Canyon Trust pledges our ongoing assistance to Save the Confluence families and efforts to permanently protect the confluence and Grand Canyon from inappropriate development.

Thanks to all for your enduring support to Keep the Canyon Grand.

With gratitude,

Roger Clark

Grand Canyon Program Director

P.S. Your donations make this work possible. Make a gift today.

Photo courtesy of Jack Dykinga


FIS establishes new regulations for ski racing helmets. Standards filter down to other ski races and eventually maybe the public.

Basis of the new test for ski helmets is the helmet must survive a drop test that is approximately three feet higher and at a speed approximately three mph faster.

The FIS, (International Ski Federation) has established new regulations for helmets that will be worn in FIS competitions. Those are the world cup level ski races held around the world.

After FIS adopted these new standards, the USSA (US Ski Association) adopted the same standards for many of their races this year and more the following years.

I’m not going to try to interpret the regulations here you are better off trying to figure it out on your won. Seriously, the regulations are the most convoluted work I’ve read and were made to make it impossible to understand. On top of that they make it impossible to copy the information from their website, even off PDF’s. (Why don’t they want this information to be known?)

1)   To show the new helmets meet the new standards they are going to have the CE Mark and conform to one of the following regulations.

a)   DIN EN 1077

b)   ASTM F2040

c)   SNELL S98 or RS 98

2)   If the helmet is designed for GS (Giant Slalom), SG (Super G) or DH (Downhill) racing it must have a conformity label affixed in a non-removable way, at the back of the helmet, in a position not be covered by the goggle strap. The conformity label must contain the text “Racing helmet to conform to FIS specifications 2013.”

Why?

If you want a better ski helmet look for one that meets the new requirements. It can take a bigger impact.

It is going to be a simple helmet, hard ear covers, no spoilers, etc. These helmets are going to be pretty dull, little venting and nothing except the stickers you put on them. However, if you want to protect your head….

What do you think? Leave a comment.

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FB, Twitter or LinkedIn

Copyright 2015 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law

Email: Rec-law@recreation-law.com

Google+: +Recreation

Twitter: RecreationLaw

Facebook: Rec.Law.Now

Facebook Page: Outdoor Recreation & Adventure Travel Law

Blog: www.recreation-law.com

Mobile Site: http://m.recreation-law.com

By Recreation Law    Rec-law@recreation-law.com         James H. Moss

#AdventureTourism, #AdventureTravelLaw, #AdventureTravelLawyer, #AttorneyatLaw, #Backpacking, #BicyclingLaw, #Camps, #ChallengeCourse, #ChallengeCourseLaw, #ChallengeCourseLawyer, #CyclingLaw, #FitnessLaw, #FitnessLawyer, #Hiking, #HumanPowered, #HumanPoweredRecreation, #IceClimbing, #JamesHMoss, #JimMoss, #Law, #Mountaineering, #Negligence, #OutdoorLaw, #OutdoorRecreationLaw, #OutsideLaw, #OutsideLawyer, #RecLaw, #Rec-Law, #RecLawBlog, #Rec-LawBlog, #RecLawyer, #RecreationalLawyer, #RecreationLaw, #RecreationLawBlog, #RecreationLawcom, #Recreation-Lawcom, #Recreation-Law.com, #RiskManagement, #RockClimbing, #RockClimbingLawyer, #RopesCourse, #RopesCourseLawyer, #SkiAreas, #Skiing, #SkiLaw, #Snowboarding, #SummerCamp, #Tourism, #TravelLaw, #YouthCamps, #ZipLineLawyer, USSA, FIS, Skiing, Ski Helmet, GS, DH, SG, Downhill, Super G, Giant Slalom, International Ski Federation, US Ski Association,

 


Death is something we should have the freedom to choose as part of our life, something we expect to have as a basic freedom.

The opportunity to live life as you want includes the opportunity to die attempting to life.

Dean Potter was living life to the absolute when he died. Dean was exercising his freedom to live. He was violating park rules on paragliding and for that and for the fact he died he will be condemned.

But no one will ever be able to say Dean did not live.

Whether you liked Dean or not, you have to support the fact he died free, living life has he wanted.

What do you think? Leave a comment.

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FB, Twitter or LinkedIn

Copyright 2015 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law

Email: Rec-law@recreation-law.com

Google+: +Recreation

Twitter: RecreationLaw

Facebook: Rec.Law.Now

Facebook Page: Outdoor Recreation & Adventure Travel Law

Blog: www.recreation-law.com

Mobile Site: http://m.recreation-law.com

By Recreation Law    Rec-law@recreation-law.com         James H. Moss

#AdventureTourism, #AdventureTravelLaw, #AdventureTravelLawyer, #AttorneyatLaw, #Backpacking, #BicyclingLaw, #Camps, #ChallengeCourse, #ChallengeCourseLaw, #ChallengeCourseLawyer, #CyclingLaw, #FitnessLaw, #FitnessLawyer, #Hiking, #HumanPowered, #HumanPoweredRecreation, #IceClimbing, #JamesHMoss, #JimMoss, #Law, #Mountaineering, #Negligence, #OutdoorLaw, #OutdoorRecreationLaw, #OutsideLaw, #OutsideLawyer, #RecLaw, #Rec-Law, #RecLawBlog, #Rec-LawBlog, #RecLawyer, #RecreationalLawyer, #RecreationLaw, #RecreationLawBlog, #RecreationLawcom, #Recreation-Lawcom, #Recreation-Law.com, #RiskManagement, #RockClimbing, #RockClimbingLawyer, #RopesCourse, #RopesCourseLawyer, #SkiAreas, #Skiing, #SkiLaw, #Snowboarding, #SummerCamp, #Tourism, #TravelLaw, #YouthCamps, #ZipLineLawyer,  Dean Potter, Yosemite, Paragliding,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Duty of care for a Massachusetts campground is to warn of dangerous conditions.

Plaintiff assumes the risk of his injury at a commercial campground if there is not dangerous condition and/or he knows about the condition because he walks the trail during the day.

Monaco v. Vacation Camp Resorts International, Inc., 86 Mass. App. Ct. 1125; 21 N.E.3d 187; 2014 Mass. App. Unpub. LEXIS 1272

State: Massachusetts, Appeals Court of Massachusetts

Plaintiff: Anthony Monaco

Defendant: Vacation Camp Resorts International, Inc.’s (VCRI’s) Yogi Bear’s Jellystone Park Campground

Plaintiff Claims: negligent in failing to light the “pathway”3 and maintain it in a safe condition, to warn against its use, or to construct a graded path in its place

Defendant Defenses: Assumption of the Risk

Holding: for the defendant

Year: 2014

This case involves a commercial campground. The plaintiff was walking up to the restroom at night and fell on the path. He sued for his injuries. The plaintiff sued the campground and others who were never clearly identified in the appellate decision.

The lower court stated the plaintiff assumed the risk based upon the defendant’s motion for summary judgment, and the plaintiff appealed.

Analysis: making sense of the law based on these facts.

The court first reviewed the requirements for a negligence suit to succeed under Massachusetts law and condensed the four steps to one sentence. “To succeed in an action for negligence, the plaintiff must establish duty, breach, causation, and damages.” The duty of care is only owed to those who are foreseeably endangered by the contact with the defendant.

Not every risk that might be foreseen gives rise to a duty to avoid a course of conduct; a duty arises because the likelihood and magnitude of the risk perceived is such that the conduct is unreasonably dangerous.

The duty of a land owner in Massachusetts is that of reasonable care “under all the circumstances in the maintenance and operation of their property.”

Although landowners should anticipate and take measures to avoid the risks that their property poses to invitees, they are not obligated to “consistently and constantly” check for dangerous conditions. The law does not impose a duty on landowners to exercise precautions, unless the dangers are “readily observable” by landowners and imperceptible to invitees. That is, an open and obvious danger negates the existence of a duty of care.

The fact that the plaintiff was injured does not create a legal obligation or duty on the part of the defendant. Evidence is needed to support the lack of care or proof the landowner k of the dangerous condition.

…evidence, other than “the obviousness of the steep slope,” that the pathway posed an apparent danger. To support his claim, the plaintiff submitted expert testimony that the pathway was “rutted,” “uneven,” and “unlit,” and did not comport with International Building Code standards.

The plaintiff had descended the hill earlier and had not seen a dangerous condition. In fact, the plaintiff had been using the campground for eighteen years and had used the path three times the day he fell.

Nor had a dangerous condition on the hillside been identified or spotted during the camps annual inspection.

Both parties had ample opportunities to observe the campground, yet neither noticed any unreasonable dangers. The only risk associated with the pathway was the open and obvious nature of its slope and uneven terrain, which did not impose any duty on the defendants to light or otherwise improve the path.

The court held the defendants owed not duty to protect the plaintiff from the conditions on the pathway.

So Now What?

The requirement that a landowner is not obligated to consistently and constantly check for dangerous conditions is not found in all states. In most states if the dangerous condition exists, the landowner must fix it or warn of it.

The obligations or duties owed to people on your land are usually based upon the reasons why the injured person was originally upon your land. In Massachusetts that issue is not discussed.

Here the obligation was to warn or correct dangerous conditions. It did not matter why the person was on the land.

What do you think? Leave a comment.

If you like this let your friends know or post it on FaceBook, Twitter or LinkedIn

Copyright 2015 Recreation Law (720) Edit Law

Email: Rec-law@recreation-law.com

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Facebook: Rec.Law.Now

Facebook Page: Outdoor Recreation & Adventure Travel Law

Blog: www.recreation-law.com

Mobile Site: http://m.recreation-law.com

By Recreation Law       Rec-law@recreation-law.com              James H. Moss

#AdventureTourism, #AdventureTravelLaw, #AdventureTravelLawyer, #AttorneyatLaw, #Backpacking, #BicyclingLaw, #Camps, #ChallengeCourse, #ChallengeCourseLaw, #ChallengeCourseLawyer, #CyclingLaw, #FitnessLaw, #FitnessLawyer, #Hiking, #HumanPowered, #HumanPoweredRecreation, #IceClimbing, #JamesHMoss, #JimMoss, #Law, #Mountaineering, #Negligence, #OutdoorLaw, #OutdoorRecreationLaw, #OutsideLaw, #OutsideLawyer, #RecLaw, #Rec-Law, #RecLawBlog, #Rec-LawBlog, #RecLawyer, #RecreationalLawyer, #RecreationLaw, #RecreationLawBlog, #RecreationLawcom, #Recreation-Lawcom, #Recreation-Law.com, #RiskManagement, #RockClimbing, #RockClimbingLawyer, #RopesCourse, #RopesCourseLawyer, #SkiAreas, #Skiing, #SkiLaw, #Snowboarding, #SummerCamp, #Tourism, #TravelLaw, #YouthCamps, #ZipLineLawyer, Vacation Camp Resorts International, Inc., Yogi Bear’s Jellystone Park Campground, Camper, Campground, Landowner, Land Owner, Pathway, Restroom, Shower, Commercial Campground,

 


Monaco v. Vacation Camp Resorts International, Inc., 86 Mass. App. Ct. 1125; 21 N.E.3d 187; 2014 Mass. App. Unpub. LEXIS 1272

Monaco v. Vacation Camp Resorts International, Inc., 86 Mass. App. Ct. 1125; 21 N.E.3d 187; 2014 Mass. App. Unpub. LEXIS 1272

Anthony Monaco vs. Vacation Camp Resorts International, Inc., & another.1

1 Jayne Cohen.

14-P-141

APPEALS COURT OF MASSACHUSETTS

86 Mass. App. Ct. 1125; 21 N.E.3d 187; 2014 Mass. App. Unpub. LEXIS 1272

December 18, 2014, Entered

NOTICE: DECISIONS ISSUED BY THE APPEALS COURT PURSUANT TO ITS RULE 1:28 ARE PRIMARILY ADDRESSED TO THE PARTIES AND, THEREFORE, MAY NOT FULLY ADDRESS THE FACTS OF THE CASE OR THE PANEL’S DECISIONAL RATIONALE. MOREOVER, RULE 1:28 DECISIONS ARE NOT CIRCULATED TO THE ENTIRE COURT AND, THEREFORE, REPRESENT ONLY THE VIEWS OF THE PANEL THAT DECIDED THE CASE. A SUMMARY DECISION PURSUANT TO RULE 1:28, ISSUED AFTER FEBRUARY 25, 2008, MAY BE CITED FOR ITS PERSUASIVE VALUE BUT, BECAUSE OF THE LIMITATIONS NOTED ABOVE, NOT AS BINDING PRECEDENT.

PUBLISHED IN TABLE FORMAT IN THE MASSACHUSETTS APPEALS COURT REPORTS.

PUBLISHED IN TABLE FORMAT IN THE NORTH EASTERN REPORTER.

DISPOSITION: [*1] Judgment affirmed.

CORE TERMS: pathway, campground, landowners, summary judgment, favorable, allowance, obvious danger, duty of care, citation omitted, unreasonably dangerous, obstructions, deposition, anticipate, precautions, unexpected, invitees, uneven, slope, fault, owe, shower, paved, path, owed

JUDGES: Cypher, Fecteau & Massing, JJ.

OPINION

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER PURSUANT TO RULE 1:28

Anthony Monaco seeks to recover for serious injuries he sustained when he fell down a grassy hill that campers used to reach a shower building located on Vacation Camp Resorts International, Inc.’s (VCRI’s) Yogi Bear’s Jellystone Park Campground in New Hampton, New Hampshire. The plaintiff alleges that VCRI and Jayne Cohen2 were negligent in failing to light the “pathway”3 and maintain it in a safe condition, to warn against its use, or to construct a graded path in its place. A Superior Court judge allowed the defendants’ motion for summary judgment, reasoning that traversing the shortcut in lieu of existing paved pathways, and in darkness, is an “obvious baseline danger,” and that the defendants therefore owed no duty. We affirm.

2 Cohen served as president of Vacation Camp Resorts International, Inc., during the time of the incident in question.

3 Construing the record in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, and noting that the shower building was marked with a “restroom” sign visible from the paved road above, we accept the plaintiff’s characterization [*2] of the route between the road and the building as a pathway.

In reviewing the trial court judge’s allowance of a motion for summary judgment, we consider the evidence submitted with the motion, which may include “pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits.” Highlands Ins. Co. v. Aerovox, Inc., 424 Mass. 226, 232, 676 N.E.2d 801 (1997) (citation omitted). See Mass.R.Civ.P. 56(c), as amended, 436 Mass. 1404 (2002). We construe inferences drawn from the record in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party, and review de novo the trial court judge’s application of the law to the facts. LeBlanc v. Logan Hilton Joint Venture, 463 Mass. 316, 318, 974 N.E.2d 34 (2012). Allowance of the motion will survive appellate review so long as there is “no genuine issue” of “material fact” and “the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law.” Id. at 325-326. Mass.R.Civ.P. 56(c).

To succeed in an action for negligence, the plaintiff must establish duty, breach, causation, and damages. Ronayne v. State, 137 N.H. 281, 284, 632 A.2d 1210 (1993).4 “[P]ersons owe a duty of care ‘only to those who they foreseeably endanger by their conduct.'” Manchenton v. Auto Leasing Corp., 135 N.H. 298, 304, 605 A.2d 208 (1992) [*3] (citation omitted). “Not every risk that might be foreseen gives rise to a duty to avoid a course of conduct; a duty arises because the likelihood and magnitude of the risk perceived is such that the conduct is unreasonably dangerous.” Id. at 305.

4 The trial court judge determined that New Hampshire’s substantive law governed this action. The parties do not dispute that the choice of New Hampshire law is appropriate under the circumstances of this case.

“[O]wners and occupiers of land owe plaintiffs a duty of reasonable care under all the circumstances in the maintenance and operation of their property.” Werne v. Exec. Women’s Golf Assn., 158 N.H. 373, 376, 969 A.2d 346 (2009). Although landowners should anticipate and take measures to avoid the risks that their property poses to invitees, they are not obligated to “consistently and constantly” check for dangerous conditions. See Pesaturo v. Kinne, 161 N.H. 550, 555, 20 A.3d 284 (2011). The law does not impose a duty on landowners to exercise precautions, unless the dangers are “readily observable” by landowners and imperceptible to invitees. Ibid. Lawrence v. Hollerich, 394 N.W.2d 853, 855 (Minn. App. Ct. 1986). That is, an open and obvious danger negates the [*4] existence of a duty of care. Allen v. Dover Co-Recreational Softball League, 148 N.H. 407, 422, 807 A.2d 1274 (2002).

The mere fact that the plaintiff was injured does not trigger a legal duty on the defendants. He must produce some evidence, other than “the obviousness of the steep slope,” that the pathway posed an apparent danger. Lawrence, 394 N.W.2d at 856. To support his claim, the plaintiff submitted expert testimony that the pathway was “rutted,” “uneven,” and “unlit,” and did not comport with International Building Code standards. However, other evidence revealed that the condition of the pathway, as it appeared to both parties, posed no greater risk than walkways maintained by landowners in their ordinary exercise of care. Cf. Paquette v. Joyce, 117 N.H. 832, 835, 379 A.2d 207 (1977). Monaco testified at his deposition that he was not aware of any treacherous condition as he was descending the hill, and Cohen never observed any “unexpected,” unreasonably dangerous condition, Ahern v. Amoskeag Mfg. Co., 75 N.H. 99, 101, 102, 71 A. 213 (1908), during her annual visual inspections of the campground. Thus, Monaco’s inattention to obvious dangers on the pathway was the only risk presented, which did not impose on the [*5] defendants a duty to exercise precautions. Contrast Hacking v. Belmont, 143 N.H. 546, 553, 736 A.2d 1229 (1999) (defendant liable for “unreasonably increased or concealed” risks not inherent in the game of basketball).

Moreover, “[t]here is nothing unfamiliar about the inability to perceive in the dark obstructions to the course of one who walks without light.” Ahern, supra at 101. That is, “[i]f there may be obstructions whose presence cannot be ascertained by the eye, due care requires the use of some other sense to detect them.” Ibid. When the evidence is “uncontradicted” that the plaintiff was familiar with the area where the accident occurred and that the injury occurred because of an “unexpected” condition, the defendant is not at fault for failing to anticipate it. Ibid. Unless the defendant had superior knowledge of the danger, “[i]t cannot reasonably be found that of two persons of equal knowledge and of equal ability to appreciate and understand a danger, one is in fault for not apprehending the danger and the other is not.” Id. at 102.

In this case, Monaco’s knowledge and appreciation of the condition of the pathway was equal to the defendants’. Monaco had camped on the campground once per [*6] year for eighteen years and had used the pathway three times without incident on the day of his fall. Likewise, VCRI had been operating the campground for over two decades, and Cohen was VCRI’s president for approximately six years. Both parties had ample opportunities to observe the campground, yet neither noticed any unreasonable dangers. The only risk associated with the pathway was the open and obvious nature of its slope and uneven terrain, which did not impose any duty on the defendants to light or otherwise improve the path.

Conclusion. Drawing all inferences from the record in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, we conclude that the defendants owed no duty to protect him against the injury-causing condition of the pathway. The allowance of the defendants’ motion for summary judgment was proper.

Judgment affirmed.

By the Court (Cypher, Fecteau & Massing, JJ.5),

5 The panelists are listed in order of seniority.

Entered: December 18, 2014.


Know about Clean Trails? You Should

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May
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No. 11
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Clean Trails News
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Trail Talk

When many do a little, much can be gained.
Our grass roots efforts continue to grow. In the last month we have done awareness and maintenance events in the San Diego, Salt Lake City, and Denver metropolitan areas. We are working to schedule more activities in those areas and grow our presence in 7 others across the west and in New York City. Consider joining us in developing a nationwide network of trail stewards to keep the more than 50,000 public trails across our country as pristine as nature intended.Highlighted Activities

  • One of our favorite activities is cleaning up an area. In the above image, our Utah State Coordinator, Nate Hawkes organized a clean up activity along the Bonneville Shoreline Trail, in Provo Canyon at Canyon Glen Park near Johnson’s Bowl. His crew of 8 collected an estimated 150 pounds of trash, enough to fill over a half dozen large trash bags of litter.
  • In Colorado, Clean Trails’ State Coordinator Lindsay Walton kicked off a collaborative effort with Jefferson County Open Space at Mt. Falcon, which is nestled in the foothills just west of Denver. Just a few hours of spreading our message of responsible recreation, netted close to a dozen prospective volunteers, while touching close to 150 people with our message.

Consider joining us in your area, we can help you get started building a community effort at your favorite trail. Remember that Litter begets litter, areas that are littered always get more littered, while areas that are litter free, tend to stay that way.

Find us on social media!

Stay tuned to all the Clean Trails conversations on your favorite social media channel. Consider following us on these select channels:

Join us in keeping our nations’ trails litter free:
Because you’re getting this newsletter, we know you identify with our mission; if you are looking for a rewarding volunteer experience building a nation-wide network of volunteers, email our Interim Executive Director your resume and we’ll find you a great organizational opportunity. rsolosky

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0bbdaf39-a69f-4c2b-93b6-a9a3406946e1.jpgT.pngVolunteer Spotlight – Amanda Wallander RobertsAmanda Wallander Roberts is on a mission to bring some organization to the Clean Trails organization–if that makes any sense! Amanda is the pulse of the organizational and program development for Clean Trails. She works on the systems and processes that allow individuals to get involved with Clean Trails and determine what they do once they are on board. This very organic and fluid undertaking has evolved into a logic model for the program. Future projects include an evaluation plan for the organization. See, she really does organize the organization! Read Amanda’s story here
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75f4719e-e7f6-4312-8c6a-b0669fe27e27.jpgT.pngLatest Blog Post – How Clean Trails WorksThe key to inspiring participation and creating a stronger community around our project is to facilitate a social interaction. Our project is designed to encourage hikers of all ages to band together and take the initiative to maintain their favorite trails. Our objective is to create a sense of pride and purpose for our trail systems, and keep them as pristine as the wild places to which they take us. Read our latest post here.

We’re really interested in your stories, send them to info

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LOVE THE LAND | LOSE THE LITTERStudy after study shows the highest indicator that someone will pick up litter is if they witness someone else picking up litter. That’s because peer group norms are more powerful than incentives, and when worked in concert with each other, they can provide impressive behavioral change impacts.ENLIST YOUR FRIENDS, SEND THEM THIS EMAIL AND ASK THEM TO JOIN TOO!

VISIT OUR WEBSITE
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Do you Subscribe to Expedition News? You Should!

Expedition News logo
EXPEDITION NEWS, founded in 1994, is the monthly review of significant expeditions, research projects and newsworthy adventures. It is distributed online to media representatives, corporate sponsors, educators, research librarians, explorers, environmentalists, and outdoor enthusiasts. This forum on exploration covers projects that stimulate, motivate and educate. May 2015 – Volume Twenty-Two, Number Five

Celebrating Our 20th Year!

OUTDOOR COMMUNITY RALLIES TO SUPPORT NEPALHard to believe. Another spring and reports of more misery and suffering in Nepal, only this time on a scale of unimaginable proportions. When a 7.9 magnitude earthquake centered approximately 50 miles northwest of Kathmandu struck on Apr. 25, it destroyed homes, flattened historic UNESCO World Heritage sites, and unleashed an avalanche that slammed into Everest Base Camp killing at least 19 and leaving many more injured.

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Photo courtesy of Dr. Fahim Rahim, jrmfoundation.org

Jamie McGoldrick, the United Nations resident coordinator for Nepal, estimates that the earthquake had affected eight million people in the country, including two million in the 11 worst affected districts. The death toll at press time was well over 7,500.

It was the worst tragedy in Everest’s history. The American victims who died on the mountain were: Dan Fredinburg, a Google executive; Marisa Eve Girawong, a physician’s assistant from New Jersey; Tom Taplin, a documentary filmmaker from Santa Monica, Calif., and Vinh B. Truong, according to ABC News.

The Independent in the U.K. captured the horror in a series of images depicting the misery and devastation:

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/nepal-earthquake-google-employee-killed-in-everest-avalanche-received-inspiring-letter-before-his-expedition-10208186.html

The news from those on the ground in Nepal was dismaying. Tashi Sherpa, founder and CEO of Sherpa Adventure Gear, wrote a few days after the earthquake, “I spent a heartbreaking morning paying my respects to a broken down Manisha (one of our long time employees) and her husband who lost their only son Sunny, in the devastation that hit Bhaktapur, and her old mother who is still missing in the collapsed rubble of an ancient township … Another April and another tale of a sorrowful spring.”

Climber Alan Arnette, a teammate of the late Marisa Eve Girawong, says of the avalanche at Everest Base Camp, “It was a F5 tornado combined with IEDs all in an environment of nylon tents. The only place to hide was behind a larger rock, even then there was no certainty.”

His report of the abbreviated Everest climbing season posted to ExplorersWeb.com is chilling:

http://www.explorersweb.com/offsite/?source=http%3A%2F%2Ffeedproxy.google.com%2F%7Er%2FTheBlogOnAlanarnettecom%2F%7E3%2FyQIbCORfTSo%2F&lang=en

According to Arnette, on May 3, the Nepal Ministry of Tourism said “Everest is closed” due to the Icefall being impassable, then on the following day they said it was officially open and anyone with a permit may attempt the mountain. “As of this writing no one remained at EBC with the intention to climb. For the first time since 1974, Everest would have no summits by any route, from any camp, by any means,” writes Arnette.

Adventurers, explorers, climbers and trekkers who have visited Nepal and know how the country and its people create memories that last a lifetime, are bonding over their shared despair for this latest disaster to befall the kind, warm and beautiful people of Nepal.

As the U.N. and Nepalese government estimate three million people need food and hundreds of thousands are homeless, here’s a look at how some members of the outdoor community are rallying support:

* The American Alpine Club said in a statement, “This tragedy has impacted our tribe of climbers on the high peaks. And it has devastated communities, families, and towns across Nepal. A number of AAC partner organizations are collecting relief funds to help local mountain communities and to support on-the-ground aid efforts. These include the American Himalayan Foundation, the Alex Lowe Charitable Foundation, and the Juniper Fund.” (www.americanalpineclub.org)

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Envirofit EFI 100L low polluting stoves are heading to Nepal earthquake victims

* The Himalayan Stove Project has reported raising $20,000 in its first six days of appeals. HSP,in cooperation with Rotary International Clubs and individual Rotarians, and a generous global donor community, isfocusing on providing shelter – tents and tarpaulins at a minimum, and more substantial shelters wherever possible, along with water, food and sanitation.

They hope to supply more Envirofit low polluting institutional stoves. Founder George Basch writes, “The EFI 100L which has a 100 Liter pot, is ideal for cooking lentils (Dal) and rice (Bhat) making Dal Bhat, that staple, highly nutritious Nepali dish, as well as soups. The plan is to distribute them in pairs – one for Dal and one for Bhat – so that mass-feeding programs can be supported.

To donate log onto www.himalayanstoveproject.org

* International Mountain Guides (IMG) based in Ashford, Wash., reports

many homes in the Khumbu area have been destroyed, including those belonging to some of the IMG Sherpa families. According to IMG’s web site, “We intend to help support the IMG Sherpas who have done such a great job supporting our IMG teams on the mountain, by providing money and support for specific projects. This is charity work on a small scale, local and accountable.” Donations

to the IMG Sherpa Fund can be made through International Mountain Guides, Attn: IMG Sherpa Fund, P.O. Box 246, Ashford, WA

98304, www.mountainguides.com.

* The Outdoor Industry Association recognizes the role Nepal plays in the adventure field. Its web site statement reads in part, “For the outdoor industry, Nepal represents the pinnacle of world trekking and climbing. Outdoor gear of all types is utilized in every capacity, both by Westerners who journey there every year and by the people of Nepal who make their living in the tourism, guiding and adventure industries.” The OIA recommends cash donations to three groups with high Charity Navigator ratings: Direct Relief, Global Giving, and the American Himalayan Foundation.

http://outdoorindustry.org/education/library.php?newsId=21495&newsSubType=All+News+Stories&action=displayÂ

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Nepal employees of Sherpa Adventure Gear assisting in relief efforts with some of the supplies earmarked for a local monastery. (Photo courtesy of Sherpa Adventure Gear)

* Sherpa Adventure Gear, the Kathmandu-based outdoor apparel manufacturer, has created an earthquake relief fund called “Help Sherpas Help Nepal” to support aid to remote villages affected by the disaster.

The company has committed to initially raising $100,000 through the campaign and 100% of the money raised will be dedicated to direct relief efforts thru Sherpa Adventure Gear’s existing network in villages, where the company underwrites the education of Sherpa children through its charitable Paldorje Education Fund.

The fundraising appeal is on Crowdrise. At press time over $72,000 had been raised. SAG also plans to donate 500 tents and blankets out of existing fabric stock. (www.crowdrise.com/helpsherpashelpnepal)

* The Explorers Club in New York has offered its facility to the country of Nepal for fundraising purposes. In a letter to Ambassador Dr. Shankar P. Sharma, Nepalese Ambassador to the United States, newly-appointed Club president Ted Janulis writes, “From the peaks of Mt. Everest, to the streets of Kathmandu, many of our more than 3,000 world explorer-members have entrusted their lives and their expeditions to the loyalty, bravery and expertise of our Nepalese colleagues and we will forever be grateful for their friendship and support.” (www.explorers.org)

* The U.S. Nepal Climbers Association, Inc. is an organization focused on promoting growth of mountaineering and climbing activities and protecting the Nepalese mountains, natural resources and cultural heritage. Serap Jangbu Sherpa, president, seeks donations through usnca.info.

CAROLINA IN HIS MIND

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An expedition can be as close as your own backyard and nothing proves this more vividly than the Carolina Rivers – Education and Preservation through Exploration initiative launched by African explorer, anthropologist and native Carolinian Julian “Monroe” Fisher.

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Julian Monroe Fisher (left raft, center) on the French Broad River. (Photo courtesy of Carolina Rivers Expedition)

Over the course of the next two years Fisher, 50, will conduct overland and river expeditions along the rivers in North Carolina and South Carolina. He plans to kayak, canoe and standup paddleboard down 32 Carolina Rivers, then hike long sections of North Carolina’s proposed Mountain to Sea Trail and South Carolina’s Palmetto Trail. While exploring the Carolinas, Fisher will gather video to be produced and distributed by Blue Car Productions (www.BlueCarProductions.com).

The first Carolina Rivers Expedition will be on North Carolina’s French Broad River, believed to be the third oldest river on earth. At press time he had traveled the river over 100 miles.

“In reality, well you don’t have to travel to Africa, Asia or Antarctica to be an explorer,” Fisher says. “All you have to do is walk out your door and look at your world with curious eyes.”

The effort is presented by Costa Del Mar and supported by over 30 products and services. For more information: www.CarolinaRivers.com, www.JulianMonroeFisher.com

EXPEDITION UPDATE

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Dooley Intermed International Postpones Eye Mission

The Nepal earthquake occurred 48 hours before the Dooley Intermed International/Operation Restore Vision team of ophthalmologists were to depart to Kathmandu (see EN, March 2015). The epicenter of the quake was in the Gorka region, roughly midway between Pokhara and Kathmandu, the planned location for the eye camp set to open in late April. Dooley president Scott Hamilton wrote, “While we all want to jump in and help, we have been advised by our local contacts in Nepal to postpone our planned project until conditions are under control and we can deliver care effectively. Typically after a disaster like this orthopedic surgeons are in the highest demand due to crushing injuries and need for amputation.”

In the meantime Dooley Intermed transferred funds to its Kathmandu based agent, Mission Himalaya, so that it could provide vital assistance. Donations are being accepted at www.dooleyintermed.org

Six Summits Cancels

Expedition leader Nick Cienski has decided not to continue his attempt to summit Mount Everest out of respect for those who lost their lives in the Apr. 25 earthquake and subsequent avalanches on Everest (see EN, March 2015).

“We feel it would be wrong for us to continue climbing these mountains,” Cienski told People magazine in a statement. “We have made the decision to rededicate our efforts in Kathmandu and provide help alongside our existing partner organizations such as Tiny Hands International, Shared Hope, and Catholic Relief Services.”

Cienski, 48, who is an executive for Under Armor and the CEO for the nonprofit organization Mission 14, had initially wanted to continue the expedition despite the tragedy in order to complete the 6 Summits Challenge – a project to bring awareness to human trafficking by reaching the top of six of the earth’s highest mountains in a year.

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The sea doesn’t scare Erden Eruc. It’s drivers who text he can’t stand.

Row For Peace Begins by Tagging New Jersey

Before he sets out with a teammate to row across the Atlantic this spring, Erden Eruc, the first person to complete an entirely solo and entirely human-powered circumnavigation of the Earth, has to tag New Jersey (see EN, June 2014). As he explained during an Explorers Club presentation on May 6, his rowing journey is from one mainland to another. Since his departing point on May 19 is from North Cove Marina on the island of Manhattan, he must first head west to the New Jersey shore, land there, then turn east towards his destination in Tangier, Morocco.

The project, Row for Peace, will extend to the Gallipoli peninsula on the Dardanelles strait to commemorate the 101th anniversary of the Gallipoli Campaign, a notable failed offensive by the Allies in World War I. They hope to arrive at the battle grounds in time for the multi-flag 101st anniversary commemorations and the dawn service at the ANZAC Cove on April 25, 2016.

When asked if he ever faced death at sea during his 5-year 11-day circumnavigation, he told the Explorers Club audience, “The boat was an oasis for me at sea. I had radar, a transponder, navigation lights, and reflectors to be seen by other ships. What scared me most was biking on land and facing drivers who were texting – they were like missiles headed towards me.”

For more information: www.rowforpeace.com

EXPEDITION NOTES

“You’re Going to Get Spanked”

Free solo phenomenon Alex Honnhold was one of the featured panelists during a Men’s Journal reception on Apr. 30 in honor of its naming “50 Most Adventurous Men” in partnership with TUDOR Watch U.S.A. Senior editor Ryan Krogh asked Honnhold point blank, “What goes through your head?” Honnhold replied, “Because I have no rope, I only climb on terrain I’m totally prepared for. You have no back-up.”

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Alex is no dope on a rope

Later, in what must be the understatement of the year, he said, “The entire time you have no protection, you have to be very, very careful. I use ropes 99 percent of the time, I only free solo (i.e. no ropes) on special occasions.”

Adventure skier and BASE-jumper Matthias Giraud commented in general, not necessarily addressed to his fellow panelists, “If you want to do something dumb, be smart about it. … there is no quick reward, if you want to do dangerous stuff, you have to pay your dues. … there needs to be a balance between excitement and fear. If there’s too much excitement and not enough fear you’re going to get spanked.”

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An adventure dream team (l-r) Matthias Giraud, Greg Treinish, Alex Honnhold, and Mike Libecki with

Men’s Journal senior editor Ryan Krogh.

Also on the panel was climber/explorer Mike Libecki who defined “organic enthusiasm” as “passion you have and don’t know why.” On the matter of corporate support, he said he doesn’t consider it a sponsorship in the true sense of the word. “It’s a reciprocal relationship – we’re all having fun together making products as members of the adventure community. We’re sharing the fun together before the deathbed comes.”

We Won’t Drink to That

G.H. Mumm’s representatives sent around a suggestion that media covering the Nepal earthquake should interview British explorer and adventurer Neil Laughton, their sponsored climber.

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Photo of Neil Laughton taken

by Jon Maguire of Third Revolution Media and distributed by G.H. Mumm after the earthquake.

Laughton is shown in the email smiling with a giant bottle of G.H.Mumm, which he was taking up Mount Everest to host the World’s Highest Dinner Party to benefit Community Action Nepal. Laughton was leading his team up the North Ridge of Everest to Advanced Base Camp when the earthquake struck. The team survived. But the attempt at publicity was in poor taste.

It was a classic case of “newsjacking” – using a major news story, in this case a disaster, to promote a product or service.

Adventure 101

Would more people get outside and pursue more worthwhile projects if they could take a course that taught the thousand and one skills need by an adventurer? Matt Prior, an Ex-RAF pilot, hopes to find out.

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Matt Prior wants to teach you how to be an adventurer

The British military overseas expedition leader has launched the Matt Prior Adventure Academy so that people can learn while actually on an adventure, in a developing nation, with no Internet, no English and physical challenges along the way. The courses are a no frills practical approach to adventure, travel and overland expeditions in just under a week.

“If you need a hot shower and WiFi each day this is not the course for you,” he warns.

The adventure consultancy business has been endorsed by Sir Ranulph Fiennes who said it’s, “A must for anyone with an adventurous spark but not sure where to start.”

He promises students will gain insight into how to get the ball rolling on their own adventure and answer any questions they may have on adventure travel.

Topics include “showstoppers” that can kill the project before you leave; finances and managing sponsorships; and method of transport. There will be four courses per year each of seven days’ duration, with Prior and only three students per session across several islands in Indonesia.Cost is $4,495 USD.

Learn more at: mattprior, www.mattprior.co.uk, www.mpadventureacademy.com

QUOTE OF THE MONTH

“The principal difference between an adventurer and a suicide is that the adventurer leaves himself

a margin of escape (the narrower the margin the greater the adventure)…”

– Thomas Eugene “Tom” Robbins, an American author, from Another Roadside Attraction.

MEDIA MATTERS

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Polar Explorer Ben Saunders Launches New Magazine

Ben Saunders is editor and co-publisher of a new London-based glossy called Avaunt which will cover fashion, outdoor gear and luxury lifestyle products.

He calls the project, “a selfish distillation of everything I’ve enjoyed and been inspired by.”

In an interview with Lena Dystant on Selectism.com he explains, “Digital is a big part of what we’re doing, but that long shelf of decades’ worth of National Geographic magazines was a seminal memory for me. If I close my eyes now I can still recall the smell of some of the older copies as I opened them up, and you don’t get that on an iPad. So print – and making a beautiful thing that people will hopefully treasure – will always be at the heart of what we’re doing.”

Saunders continues, “I’d argue that style has always gone hand-in-hand with adventure. After all, the Earl of Carnarvon cracked open Tutankhamun’s tomb wearing a Norton & Sons’ suit; George Mallory died on Everest in a tailored tweed Norfolk jacket; Amelia Earheart launched her own clothing line in the 1930s (‘For the woman who lives actively’) and Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler climbed Everest without oxygen for the first time in natty Fila down suits. A lot of brands have their roots in the great outdoors, from Barbour to Nigel Cabourn, Moncler to Burberry (who sponsored Captain Scott).”

Learn more at: https://avauntmagazine.com/

EXPEDITION MARKETING

Divers Wanted

The 100 miles of the Big Sur coast of California is one of the most remote, unique and pristine stretches of marine resources along the west coast of North America. But the same remoteness that results in less fishing pressure and puts it out of reach of polluting industries and human population centers, also makes it difficult for scientists to study and manage this area.

To help document changes taking place, Reef Check is planning an expedition in June that’s open to both Reef Check divers and other non-Reef Check recreational divers. In addition to conducting Reef Check surveys at each reef they stop at, they will document the work and the ecosystems they find using Google Ocean’s latest specialized underwater camera to take panorama or “underwater street view” photos. They will then upload these images to Google Maps to help raise awareness of the conservation issues in this unexplored ecosystem.

The expedition is being funded in part with a Kickstarter campaign, and contributors are being solicited to help make it happen. At press time they were only $700 away from their $4,000 goal. For more information: Anna Neumann, aneumann.

See the Kickstarter campaign here:

https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/2033378493/marine-ecosystem-assessment-of-the-big-sur-coast

ATC Partners with Moon Shine

The Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC), founded in 1925, has signed a new licensing agreement with Moon Shine, a maker of belts, bags, key chains, pet products and more, that will offer consumers quality products that support the organization in its mission to protect the Appalachian Trail (A.T.). Funds received from the sales of these products will benefit trail management and support, conservation work, community and youth engagement and educational initiatives.

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With this belt, a trail name and some trail angels, and you’re all set to tackle the A.T.

A.T. themed products that will be available this year include dog collars, leashes, and harnesses; leather belts and key chains; lanyards and sunglasses holders; and canvas totes, koozies and more, according to Javier Folgar, the ATC’s director of Marketing and Communications. “These new co-branded products will give Appalachian Trail enthusiasts a chance to show their love for the Trail everywhere they go.”

A unit of the National Park Service, the A.T. ranges from Maine to Georgia and is approximately 2,185 miles in length. It is the longest hiking-only footpath in the world.

For more information about Moon Shine’s products visit www.moonshineusa.com

EXPEDITION INK

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The Oregon Trail

By Rinker Buck

(Simon & Schuster, June 2015)

Reviewed by Robert F. Wells

This summer, you could pack the family up in a station wagon bound for The Cape, or Vineyard … Or, you could call your wacky brother, fly to Kansas City, buy a covered wagon – and three unsuspecting mules, not to mention an ungodly amount of canned chili and other supplies – and head West along the 2,100 mile Oregon Trail. An unforgettable adventure? Yes. And as a result, a book by one Rinker Buck.

This wasn’t entirely out of the blue. Back when the author and his brother, Nick, were kids their father packed the family up in an Amish wagon with a sign on the back reading “See America Slowly” and meandered around Eastern Pennsylvania. (Just proves again: apples don’t fall that far from a tree.)

This delightful little narrative details what the Bucks did to hit The Trail. It sprinkles doses of historical perspective about the mass migration of wagons heading West in the mid 1800’s. And then, invites you to enjoy their “reenactment” ride – as they traced old wagon ruts still plainly visible along the way. Who knew The Peter Schuttler Wagon Works was Chicago’s largest factory in 1850? Or that peak migration years – like 1852 – saw over 60,000 pioneers leave the Midwest for California and Oregon. The story of Ezra Meeker. Or a Pony Express rider named Jim Moore who survived one of the greatest endurance rides in history.

Face it, suspension systems on wagons were and still are butt awful. Today, The Trail is bisected with interstates and Walmart parking lots. Rinker’s mules needed water every day. Painted over dry rot on wheels broke through out of nowhere. Yet the trail kept on. Rocky Ridge. California Hill. Cattle guards galore. Barbed wire fences. Surging streams. Irate land owners. Hair-raising drops off mountain sides, littered with boulders and brush.

Readers can’t avoid getting dirt in their shoes. Kinks in their shoulders from sleeping vicariously on bumpy and soggy ground. But for those who have lingered along a trail in nowhere Wyoming… smelling the sage, watching the sun dip over some badlands as everything turns brilliant red… a bit of Albert Bierstadt, an American painter of the American West, tickles your imagination as you flip pages and wander your the way towards the setting sun.

The last documented crossing of The Oregon Trail was in 1909. What Rinker and Nick Buck did to do it again, was epic. Get ready for some gosh darn salty cursing between the two. And hold on, or you’ll get bounced right out of the wagon. Just be glad you’re probably able to read this on The Cape or Vineyard.

Robert Wells, a member of The Explorers Club since 1991, is a resident of South Londonderry, Vt., and a retired executive of the Young & Rubicam ad agency. Wells is the director of a steel band (see www.blueflamessteelband.com) and in 1989, at the age of 45, traveled south by road bike from Canada to Long Island Sound in a single 350-mile, 19-hr., 28-min. push.

EXPEDITION CLASSIFIEDS

Adventure Photographer Seeks Speaking Opportunities – International documentary photographer Daryl Hawk has spent the past 25 years adventuring alone in some of the most remote places on earth. Using his own compelling photographs as examples and his powerful storytelling, he offers dynamic presentations that inspire his audiences to see the world with new eyes. Contact Hawk at hawkphoto, www.darylhawk.com, 203 834 9595

Get Sponsored! – Hundreds of explorers and adventurers raise money each month to travel on world class expeditions to Mt. Everest, Nepal, Antarctica and elsewhere. Now the techniques they use to pay for their journeys are available to anyone who has a dream adventure project in mind, according to the new book from Skyhorse Publishing called: Get Sponsored: A Funding Guide for Explorers, Adventurers and Would Be World Travelers.

Author Jeff Blumenfeld, an adventure marketing specialist who has represented 3M, Coleman, Du Pont, Lands’ End and Orvis, among others, shares techniques for securing sponsors for expeditions and adventures.

Buy it here: http://www.amazon.com/Get-Sponsored-Explorers-Adventurers-Travelers-ebook/dp/B00H12FLH2

Advertise in Expedition News – For more information: blumassoc.

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EXPEDITION NEWS is published by Blumenfeld and Associates, Inc., 1281 East Main Street – Box 10, Stamford, CT 06902 USA. Tel. 203 655 1600, editor. Editor/publisher: Jeff Blumenfeld. Assistant editor: Jamie Gribbon. Research editor: Lee Kovel. ©2015 Blumenfeld and Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. ISSN: 1526-8977. Subscriptions: US$36/yr. available by e-mail only. Credit card payments accepted through www.paypal.com. Read EXPEDITION NEWS at www.expeditionnews.com. Enjoy the EN blog at www.expeditionnews.blogspot.com.

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