“Outdoor Recreation Insurance, Risk Management, and Law” is a definitive guide to preventing and overcoming legal issues in the outdoor recreation industry
Denver based James H. Moss, JD, an attorney who specializes in the legal issues of outdoor recreation and adventure travel companies, guides, outfitters, and manufacturers, has written a comprehensive legal guidebook titled, “Outdoor Recreation Insurance, Risk Management, and Law”. Sagamore Publishing, a well-known Illinois-based educational publisher, distributes the book.
Mr. Moss, who applied his 30 years of experience with the legal, insurance, and risk management issues of the outdoor industry, wrote the book in order to fill a void.
“There was nothing out there that looked at case law and applied it to legal problems in outdoor recreation,” Moss explained. “The goal of this book is to provide sound advice based on past law and experience.”
While written as a college-level textbook, the guide also serves as a legal primer for executives, managers, and business owners in the field of outdoor recreation. It discusses how to tackle, prevent, and overcome legal issues in all areas of the industry.
The book is organized into 14 chapters that are easily accessed as standalone topics, or read through comprehensively. Specific topics include rental programs, statues that affect outdoor recreation, skiing and ski areas, and defenses to claims. Mr. Moss also incorporated listings of legal definitions, cases, and statutes, making the book easy for laypeople to understand.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Cases
Outdoor Recreation Law and Insurance: Overview
Perception versus Actual Risk
Risk v. Reward
Risk Management Strategies
Humans & Risk
Risk = Accidents
Accidents may/may not lead to litigation
How Do You Deal with Risk?
How Does Acceptance of Risk Convert to Litigation?
Negative Feelings against the Business
Risk, Accidents & Litigation
No Real Acceptance of the Risk
No Money to Pay Injury Bills
No Health Insurance
Insurance Company Subrogation
Dealing with Different People
Dealing with Victims
Develop a Friend & Eliminate a Lawsuit
Don’t Compound Minor Problems into Major Lawsuits
Emergency Medical Services
Additional Causes of Lawsuits in Outdoor Recreation
How Do You Handle A Victim?
Dealing with Different People
Dealing with Victims
Legal System in the United States
State Court System
Federal Court System
Other Court Systems
Parties to a Lawsuit
Breach of the Duty
Determination of Duty Owed
Duty of an Outfitter
Duty of a Guide
Duty of Livery Owner
Duty of Rental Agent
Duty of Volunteer Youth Leader
In Loco Parentis
Willful & Wanton Negligence
Negligence Per Se
Results of Acts That Are More than Ordinary Negligence
Breach of Contract
Breach of Warranty
Warranty of Fitness for a Particular Purpose
Warranty of Merchantability
Warranty of Statute
Food Service Liability
Skier Safety Acts
Whitewater Guides & Outfitters
Equine Liability Acts
Assumption of Risk
Express Assumption of Risk
Implied Assumption of Risk
Primary Assumption of Risk
Secondary Assumption of Risk
Assumption of Risk & Minors
Assumption of Risk Documents.
Assumption of Risk as a Defense.
Statutory Assumption of Risk
Express Assumption of Risk
Joint and Several Liability
Release, Waivers & Contracts Not to Sue
Why do you need them
Covenants Not to sue
Who should be covered
What should be included
Jurisdiction & Venue Clause
Assumption of Risk
Hold Harmless Agreement
Drug and/or Alcohol clause
Medical Transportation & Release
What the Courts do not want to see
Statute of Limitations
Agreements to Participate
Parental Consent Agreements
Informed Consent Agreements
Standards, Guidelines & Protocols
Specific Occupational Risks
Personal Liability of Instructors, Teachers & Educators
College & University Issues
Animal Operations, Packers
Canoe Livery Operations
Ski Rental Programs
Indoor Climbing Walls
Retail Rental Programs
Risk Management Plan
Introduction for Risk Management Plans
What Is A Risk Management Plan?
What should be in a Risk Management Plan
Risk Management Plan Template
Ideas on Developing a Risk Management Plan
Preparing your Business for Unknown Disasters
Building Fire & Evacuation
Dealing with an Emergency
Theory of Insurance
Personal v. Commercial Policies
Types of Policies
Personal Injury Protection
Named Peril v. All Risk
Types of Policies
Federal and State Government Insurance Requirements
Photo by Eric Phillips.
The School of Graduate Studies at Western State Colorado University recently announced the formation of a new and innovative opportunity. Starting with the 2018-19 academic year, Western will offer an Outdoor Industry MBA.
The two-year, online program includes an MBA core as well as specific tracks for either the product or service side of the outdoor-recreation economy, which generates $887 billion annually in consumer spending, according to the Outdoor Industry Association. The program also includes residencies, immersion experiences and guest lectures from outdoor industry experts.
“The Outdoor Industry MBA at Western will give graduate students the tools and connections necessary to make forward-thinking change within this fast-growing industry,” said program director Pete Sherman. “We have a unique approach to class scheduling where we offer the industry-specific courses first. This way, students can apply content from class immediately to the workplace.”
Ideal candidates have a bachelor’s degree, professional experience in the industry and the desire to take their career to the next level. They have a lifestyle rooted in the outdoors, an aspiration to foster growth in this environmentally conscious, sustainable business sector and an interest in strengthening their network within the outdoor industry.
“The Outdoor Industry MBA’s clear focus on the business acumen required to lead the outdoor-recreation industry’s multibillion dollar economy is a significant measurement of Western’s and Colorado’s commitment to our talent pipeline,” said Luis Benitez, director of the Colorado Outdoor Recreation Industry Office.
Classes for Western’s inaugural Outdoor Industry MBA cohort begin Sept. 24, pending accreditation approval. For more information about this one-of-a-kind academic program, visit western.edu/outdoor-industry-mba.
“Western has always been a feeder school for the outdoor industry,” said Adam Howard ’97, president and CEO of Height of Land Media, publisher of Alpinist, Backcountry and Cross Country Skier magazines. “Given its location and culture around outdoor pursuits, I can’t think of a school more poised to bring this MBA program to fruition.”
For More Information Start Here: https://www.western.edu/news/western-unveiling-outdoor-industry-mba-2018-19
That means more than 275 articles have been written looking at the legal issues of Outdoor Recreation for Outfitters, Guides, Manufacturers, College & University for credit and non-credit programs and many other
Here are the cases I’ve reviewed:
Albert v. Ober Gatlinburg, Inc., 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 100150 http://rec-law.us/1hRlKFP
Alexander v. The Sports Authority, Inc., et al., 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 43317 http://rec-law.us/1idHb4V
Allison v. Charter Rivers Hospital, Inc, 334 S.C. 611; 514 S.E.2d 601; 1999 S.C. App. LEXIS 43 http://rec-law.us/1fpUgtf
Alvero v. Allen, Jr., 262 A.D.2d 434; 692 N.Y.S.2d 116; 1999 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 6634 http://rec-law.us/1ROrCW3
Anderson v Boyne USA, Inc., 2012 Mich. App. LEXIS 1725 http://rec-law.us/ICcr07
Angland v. Mountain Creek Resort, Inc., 2011 N.J. Super. Unpub. LEXIS 2542 http://rec-law.us/Hc9ZqD
Atcovitz v. Gulph Mills Tennis Club, Inc, 571 Pa. 580; 812 A.2d 1218; 2002 Pa. LEXIS 2832 http://rec-law.us/1mslAfq
Atkins v. Swimwest Family Fitness Center, 2005 WI 4; 2005 Wisc. LEXIS 2 http://rec-law.us/12c3Ha1
Azad v. Mill Creek Equestrian Center, Inc., 2004 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 11218 http://rec-law.us/18IFVV8
Barnes v. Dungan et al., 261 A.D.2d 797; 690 N.Y.S.2d 338; 1999 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 5556 http://rec-law.us/1c6hxjp
Bayer v. Crested Butte Mountain Resort, 960 P.2d 70 (Colo. 1998) http://rec-law.us/2uRbdd1
Benavidez v. The University of Texas — Pan American, 2014 Tex. App. LEXIS 11940 http://rec-law.us/1vgi4sa
Berlin v. Nassau County Council, Boy Scouts of America, 229 A.D.2d 414, 645 N.Y.S.2d 90 http://rec-law.us/1nqJGny
BJ’s Wholesale Club, Inc. v. Rosen, 435 Md. 714; 80 A.3d 345; 2013 Md. LEXIS 897 http://rec-law.us/1bpyPHR
Blackwell, v. Sky High Sports Nashville Operations, LLC. 2017 Tenn. App. LEXIS 6 http://rec-law.us/2rY5rlU
Bonne, et al., v. Premier Athletics, LLC, et al., 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77802 http://rec-law.us/HeFemi
Bossi v. Sierra Nevada Recreation Corporation et al, 2004 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 1992 http://rec-law.us/RaqgkN
Brush, v. Jiminy Peak Mountain Resort, Inc., Et Al, 626 F. Supp. 2d 139; 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 52204 http://rec-law.us/11KEUsP
Buck, v. Camp Wilkes, Inc. 906 So. 2d 778; 2004 Miss. App. LEXIS 1141 http://rec-law.us/GYcpew
Cahill v. Ski Liberty Operating Corp., 2006 Pa. Dist. & Cnty. Dec. LEXIS 444; 81 Pa. D. & C.4th 344 http://rec-law.us/11JYZdA
Camire v. The Gunstock Area Commission, 166 N.H. 374; 97 A.3d 250; 2014 N.H. LEXIS 60 http://rec-law.us/1IuciVx
Chapple, Et Al., v. Ultrafit Usa, Inc., Et Al., 2002 Ohio 1292; 2002 Ohio App. LEXIS 1366 http://rec-law.us/1cyVosh
Childress v. Madison County, 777 S.W.2d 1 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1989) http://rec-law.us/2sdIhMr
Cole v. Boy Scouts of America, 2011 S.C. LEXIS 383 http://rec-law.us/GXvqum
Cole, et al., v. Camelback Mountain Ski Resort, et al., 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 100183 http://rec-law.us/2y9JMge
Cottom v. USA Cycling, Inc, 2002 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6745 (W.D. Mich. 2002) http://rec-law.us/173kQld
Courbat v. Dahana Ranch, Inc., 111 Haw. 254; 141 P.3d 427; 2006 Haw. LEXIS 386 http://rec-law.us/Xm7L53
Davis, v. 3 Bar F Rodeo, 2007 Ky. App. LEXIS 423 http://rec-law.us/XjgsZB
De Castro v. Odetah Camping Resort, Inc., 2015 Conn. Super. LEXIS 2297 http://rec-law.us/1UYtPiD
Dearnley v. Mountain Creek, 2012 N.J. Super. Unpub. LEXIS 527 http://rec-law.us/1eA8RfR
DeWitt, Jr. v. Felt Racing, LLC et al., 2017 Conn. Super. LEXIS 235 http://rec-law.us/2gMwDAg
Dodge v. Grafton Zipline Adventures, LLC, 2015 IL App (5th) 140124-U; 2015 Ill. App. Unpub. LEXIS 1584 http://rec-law.us/1Hp65Pn
Duncan, et al., v. Ryba Company, 1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12424 http://rec-law.us/1hwbulZ
Elliott, v. Carter, 2016 Va. LEXIS 151 http://rec-law.us/2eNYr3F
Fein, etc., v. Cook, 2017 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 6607; 2017 NY Slip Op 06603 http://rec-law.us/2iSOd75
Fisher v. Sierra Summit, Inc. et al., 2011 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 185 http://rec-law.us/1aOOz1H
Fleury v. IntraWest Winter Park Operations Corporation, 2014 Colo. App. LEXIS 242 http://rec-law.us/M6gByP
Fontaine v. Boyd, 2011 R.I. Super. LEXIS 27 http://rec-law.us/1cw5KZA
Foster, et al., v. Alex Kosseff, et al., 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 40566 (E.D. Wash. 2013) http://rec-law.us/11pcuzl
Galloway v. State of Iowa, 790 N.W.2d 252; 2010 Iowa Sup. LEXIS 109 http://rec-law.us/MsfCcE
Galvan, et al., v. The Salvation Army, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 47257 http://rec-law.us/GYhrrF
Gamze v Camp Sea-Gull, Inc., 2012 Mich. App. LEXIS 1227 (Mich App 2012) http://rec-law.us/17Xyy90
Ganz vs. United States Cycling Federation, 1994 Mont. Dist. LEXIS 756 http://rec-law.us/1fzW8vM
Giebink v. Fischer, 709 F. Supp. 1012; 1989 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7791 http://rec-law.us/1cyS6Fg
Global Travel Marketing, Inc v. Shea, 2005 Fla. LEXIS 1454 http://rec-law.us/14ywoyb
Gregorie v. Alpine Meadows Ski Corporation, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 20275 http://rec-law.us/HayvH7
Grotheer v. Escape Adventures, Inc., et al., 14 Cal. App. 5th 1283; 2017 Cal. App. LEXIS 764 http://rec-law.us/2yCMGar
Gwyn v. Loon Mountain Corporation, 350 F.3d 212; 2003 U.S. App. LEXIS 23995 http://rec-law.us/1fR7z6Q
Hamill v. Cheley Colorado Camps, Inc., 2011 Colo. App. LEXIS 495 http://rec-law.us/wHui4x
Hanks v. Powder Ridge Restaurant Corporation et al., 276 Conn. 314; 885 A.2d 734; 2005 Conn. LEXIS 500 http://rec-law.us/177o3Fp
Hatch v. V.P. Fair Foundation, Inc., 990 S.W.2d 126; 1999 Mo. App. LEXIS 315 http://rec-law.us/1LSY6fX
Henderson v. Quest Expeditions, Inc. 174 S.W.3d 730; 2005 Tenn. App. LEXIS 334 http://rec-law.us/1fjsSvW
Hogan v. Pat’s Peak Skiing, LLC, 2015 N.H. LEXIS 74 http://rec-law.us/1Qg0COq
Hohe v. San Diego Unified Sch. Dist., 224 Cal.App.3d 1559, 274 Cal.Rptr. 647 (1990) http://rec-law.us/17yfgqr
Hoosier Mountain Bike Association, Inc., et. al., v. Kaler, 73 N.E.3d 712; 2017 Ind. App. LEXIS 133 http://rec-law.us/2yLQquv
Horvath Et Al., v. Ish Et Al., 2012 Ohio 5333; 2012 Ohio LEXIS 2872 http://rec-law.us/UIMpde
John v. CC Cyclery, 2017 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 3213; 2017 NY Slip Op 31810(U) http://rec-law.us/2hDTEpb
Johnson v. Gibson, 358 Ore. 624; 369 P.3d 1151; 2016 Ore. LEXIS 129 http://rec-law.us/2la8bMy
Johnson v. Recreational Equipment, Inc., 2011 Wash. App. LEXIS 351 http://rec-law.us/N0zzbe
Johnson v. Royal Caribbean Cruises, Ltd., 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 28128; 2011 AMC 1171 http://rec-law.us/1fAiSMm
Jozewicz v. GGT Enterprises, LLC; 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 53937 http://rec-law.us/Zp7LME
Keeter v. Alpine Towers International, Inc., 399 S.C. 179; 730 S.E.2d 890; 2012 S.C. App. LEXIS 171 http://rec-law.us/11Udj6C
Kelly v. United States of America, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 89741 http://rec-law.us/GUF3hI
King v. CJM Country Stables, 315 F. Supp. 2d 1061; 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7511 http://rec-law.us/1lo1yB2
Kirton vs. Fields, No. SC07-1739, No. SC07-1741, No. SC07-1742 (FL 2008) http://rec-law.us/1fqhT37
Knight v. Jewett, 3 Cal. 4th 296; 834 P.2d 696; 11 Cal. Rptr. 2d 2; 1992 Cal. LEXIS 3969; 92 Cal. Daily Op. Service 7261; 92 Daily Journal DAR 11765; 92 Daily Journal DAR 11870 http://rec-law.us/1fCbn5G
Kopeikin v. Moonlight Basin Management, LLC, 90 F. Supp. 3d 1103; 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15348 http://rec-law.us/1T9bmfp
LaFond v. Salomon North America, Inc. et al., 2011 Mass. Super. LEXIS 344 http://rec-law.us/HeyzbL
Laliberte v. White Water Mountain Resorts, 2004 Conn. Super. LEXIS 2194 http://rec-law.us/2eXqBKZ
Lautieri v. Bae, 17 Mass. L. Rep. 4; 2003 Mass. Super. LEXIS 290 http://rec-law.us/1iPsNm3
Lemoine v Cornell University, 2 A.D.3d 1017; 769 N.Y.S.2d 313; 2003 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 13209 (NY 2003) http://rec-law.us/1ba9zQc
Lewis v. Habitat for Humanity of Greater New Haven, Inc., 2012 Conn. Super. LEXIS 146 http://rec-law.us/MvlsmW
Lewis v. Snow Creek, Inc., 6 S.W.3d 388; 1999 Mo. App. LEXIS 421 http://rec-law.us/VZUmgk
Littlejohn v. Timberquest Park at Magic, LLC, et. al., 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 96443 http://rec-law.us/1P0r5gf
Lloyd v. Bourassa, 2002 Me. Super. LEXIS 132 http://rec-law.us/MzwDm8
Lombard v. Colorado Outdoor Education Center, Inc., 2011 Colo. App. LEXIS 1401 http://rec-law.us/1cNrWyz
Lucas v Norton Pines Athletic Club, Inc., 2010 Mich. App. LEXIS 1066 http://rec-law.us/GY61Vq
Mark, v. Moser, 46 N.E.2d 410; 2001 Ind. App. LEXIS 671 http://rec-law.us/ZFsVuR
Mazza v. Ski Shawnee Inc., 2005 Pa. Dist. & Cnty. Dec. LEXIS 113; 74 Pa. D. & C.4th 416 http://rec-law.us/10dXBVq
McDonough v. National Off-Road Bicycle Assn. (NORBA), 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8036 (Dist. Del 1997) http://rec-law.us/1bXtzet
Mcgarry v. Philly Rock Corp., 2015 Pa. Super. Unpub. LEXIS 3767 http://rec-law.us/1JSr1dz
McGowan et al v. West End YMCA, 2002 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 3018 http://rec-law.us/1k7VxqQ
McGrath v. SNH Development, Inc. 2008 N.H. Super. LEXIS 45 http://rec-law.us/10OjjNo
McPhail v. Bismarck Park District, 2003 ND 4; 655 N.W.2d 411; 2003 N.D. LEXIS 3 http://rec-law.us/1jSNEWi
Merten v. Nathan, 108 Wis. 2d 205; 321 N.W.2d 173; 1982 Wisc. LEXIS 2740 http://rec-law.us/1fpNXpz
Moore v. Boy Scouts of America Los Angeles Area Council, Inc., 2004 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 11180 http://rec-law.us/XjoxuY
Moore v. Minnesota Baseball Instructional School, 2009 Minn. App. Unpub. LEXIS 299 http://rec-law.us/1haHVX7
Morgan, v. Kent State University et al., 2016-Ohio-3303; 54 N.E.3d 1284; 2016 Ohio App. LEXIS 2160 http://rec-law.us/2eLmS3l
Morrison, v. Northwest Nazarene University, 273 P.3d 1253; 2012 Ida. LEXIS 82 http://rec-law.us/VEUrmX
Neustadter v. Mountain Creek Resort, Inc., 2008 N.J. Super. Unpub. LEXIS 1584 http://rec-law.us/HgiwI5
O’Connell v. Killington, Ltd., 164 Vt. 73; 665 A.2d 39; 1995 Vt. LEXIS 74 http://rec-law.us/1bXtnvD
Palmer v. Lakeside Wellness Center, 281 Neb. 780; 798 N.W.2d 845; 2011 Neb. LEXIS 62 http://rec-law.us/ZlrDDY
Pavane v. Marte, 37 Misc. 3d 1216A; 2012 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 5128; 2012 NY Slip Op 52060U http://rec-law.us/1hRs5kC
Pearce v. Utah Athletic Foundation, 2008 UT 13; 179 P.3d 760; 597 Utah Adv. Rep. 13; 2008 Utah LEXIS 16 http://rec-law.us/1dQJeXn
Pellham, v. Let’s Go Tubing, Inc., et al., 199 Wn. App. 399; 2017 Wash. App. LEXIS 1525 http://rec-law.us/2wgH4ml
Perry v. Whitley County 4-H Clubs Inc., 931 N.E.2d 933; 2010 Ind. App. LEXIS 1501 http://rec-law.us/11EpBfs
Philippi v. Sipapu, Inc., 961 F.2d 1492; 1992 U.S. App. LEXIS 6973 http://rec-law.us/1f2kDmp
Powers v. Mukpo et al., 12 Mass. L. Rep. 517; 2000 Mass. Super. LEXIS 566 http://rec-law.us/1hQzwN9
Raup, v. Vail Summit Resorts, Inc., 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11499 http://rec-law.us/1ZKGTYn
Reardon v. Windswept Farm, LLC, et al., 280 Conn. 153; 905 A.2d 1156; 2006 Conn. LEXIS 330 http://rec-law.us/2eo4X4G
Redmond v. Sirius International Insurance Corporation, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5089 http://rec-law.us/1jKRtgb
Rice, Et Als, vs. American Skiing Company, Et Al, 2000 Me. Super. LEXIS 90 http://rec-law.us/1ff8r0a
Rich et. al., vs. Tee Bar Corp. et. al., 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10682 http://rec-law.us/YTaTj6
Robinette v. Aspen Skiing Company, L.L.C., 363 Fed. Appx. 547; 2010 U.S. App. LEXIS 1543 http://rec-law.us/1iPWrHS
Rubenstein, v. United States of America, 488 F.2d 1071; 1973 U.S. App. LEXIS 6958 http://rec-law.us/1kcBBQA
Rumpf v. Sunlight, Inc., 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 107946 http://rec-law.us/2vjm7J2
Salvini v. Ski Lifts, Inc., 2008 Wash. App. LEXIS 2506 http://rec-law.us/16mpY3U
Sanchez v. Project Adventure, Inc., 12 A.D.3d 208; 785 N.Y.S.2d 46; 2004 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 13184 http://rec-law.us/2bvoniY
Sanders v. Laurel Highlands River Tours, Incorporated, 1992 U.S. App. LEXIS 15094 (4th Cir 1992) http://rec-law.us/19l5IUq
Sanny, v. Trek Bicycle Corporation, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 65559 http://rec-law.us/1feLZ7o
Sauter v. Perfect North Slopes, et. al., 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 468 http://rec-law.us/1dRY4ND
Schlumbrecht-Muniz v. Steamboat Ski & Resort Corporation, 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 30484 http://rec-law.us/2alW5Kv
Schmidt v. United States of America, 1996 OK 29; 912 P.2d 871; 1996 Okla. LEXIS 38 (Okla 1996) http://rec-law.us/1lo696e
Schoeps v. Whitewater Adventures LLC; 136 Fed. Appx. 966; 2005 U.S. App. LEXIS 13181 http://rec-law.us/1w1K9xj
Scott v. Altoona Bicycle Club, d/b/a the Tour de-Toona, 2010 Pa. Commw. Unpub. LEXIS 513 http://rec-law.us/1o4tTZk
Sharon v. City of Newton, 437 Mass. 99; 769 N.E.2d 738; 2002 Mass. LEXIS 384 http://rec-law.us/12HioNa
Silva v. Mt. Bachelor, Inc., 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 55942 http://rec-law.us/1kIJhgw
Squires v. Breckenridge Outdoor Education Center, 715 F.3d 867; 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 9249 (Co Dist 2013) http://rec-law.us/1dako4v
Squires v. Goodwin, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 129234 http://rec-law.us/HerasW
Strawbridge, Jr., v. Sugar Mountain Resort, Inc., 328 F. Supp. 2d 610; 2004 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18644 http://rec-law.us/MlJsjF
Sweeney v. Ragged Mountain Ski Area, Inc., 151 N.H. 239; 855 A.2d 427; 2004 N.H. LEXIS 126 http://rec-law.us/1RvYL3c
T.K., a minor, v. Boys & Girls Clubs of America, et. al. 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 87005 http://rec-law.us/2uzF1eN
Taylor v. L.A. Fitness International, 2010 Phila. Ct. Com. Pl. LEXIS 252; 16 Pa. D. & C.5th 491 http://rec-law.us/1c8YEWD
Turnbough v. Ladner, 754 So. 2d 467; 1999 Miss. LEXIS 375 http://rec-law.us/1U9Iiau
Vinson v. Paramount Pictures Corporation et al., 2013 Cal. App. Unpub. LEXIS 3380 http://rec-law.us/190yupL
Walton v. Oz Bicycle Club Of Wichita, 1991 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17655 (Dist Kan 1991) http://rec-law.us/1bXuv2i
Weinrich v. Lehigh Valley Grand Prix Inc, 2015 Pa. Dist. & Cnty. Dec. LEXIS 7 http://rec-law.us/1OVPnFi
West Coast Life Insurance Company. Hoar, 558 F.3d 1151; 2009 U.S. App. LEXIS 5266 http://rec-law.us/1fc6RRz
Wethington v. Swainson, d/b/a/ Pegasus Airsport Center, 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 169145 http://rec-law.us/1Y02f2r
Wheelock v. Sport Kites, Inc, 839 F. Supp. 730; 1993 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17050 http://rec-law.us/MleV50
Whitman et al., v. Zeidman, 16 A.D.3d 197; 791 N.Y.S.2d 54; 2005 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 2505 http://rec-law.us/1nRYU2y
Wilkerson, v. The City of SeaTac, 2012 Wash. App. LEXIS 2592 rec-law.us/2cMikHq
Wilson v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 161 So. 3d 1128; 2015 Miss. App. LEXIS 216 http://rec-law.us/2ddGzBI
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|National Park Service News Release|
National Park Service Offers $15 Million in Grants for Outdoor Recreation in Cities
WASHINGTON – National Park Service Director Jonathan B. Jarvis today opened the application period for $15 million of grants to develop outdoor recreation spaces in urban areas.
“We are excited to offer these competitive grants which will be matched with local partnerships to create safe outdoor recreation places for people, especially young people, in neighborhoods of America’s cities,” Jarvis said.
The National Park Services (NPS) Outdoor Recreation Legacy Partnership Program (ORLP) competitive grants are made available through the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) and are just the second round of such grants. The NPS obligated $2.9 million of the grants for pilot projects last year. Communities and partners matched that money with projects in eight cities worth a total of $6.1 million.
“I think Congress recognized the value of the projects and partnerships and they responded with a fivefold increase in project grant dollars this year,” Jarvis said. “We’re looking to build on the excitement generated by these pilot projects and grants to add many more projects across the country.”
The NPS will entertain project proposals ranging from $250,000 to $750,000 each, and planning grants up to $75,000. Projects must have matching funds and partners. Outside of the planning grants, funding for eligible projects can be used to acquire and/or develop land to create new, or reinvigorate existing, public parks and other outdoor recreation spaces in neighborhoods that are underserved or lack such opportunities.
Jarvis also announced a pilot planning grant program mini-competition, which will fund special studies to help guide park and recreation investment to where it is needed most in urbanized areas.
The ORLP grants complement the existing NPS LWCF State and Local Assistance Program in targeting national priorities to create new opportunities for outdoor play as well as development or enhancement of outdoor recreation partnerships in cities. Selected projects will showcase how partners at all levels can work collaboratively to leverage investment and support close-to-home recreation opportunities that will connect youth to public lands.
Since its establishment in 1964, the Land and Water Conservation Fund has conserved land in every state and supported tens of thousands of state and local projects. The fund does not use taxpayer dollars; the primary source of income derives from fees paid by oil and gas companies drilling offshore in waters owned by the American people. President Obama proposed full funding for the Land and Water Conservation Fund in the Fiscal Year 2017 budget, and is pursuing permanent authorization in annual mandatory funding for the Fund’s programs beginning in 2018.
Who may apply?
State and local government agencies (e.g., cities, counties, legal subdivisions such as park districts, etc.) and federally-recognized Indian tribes within or serving areas delineated by the Census Bureau from the 2010 census as having populations of 50,000 or more people and consisting of densely settled territory.
How do I apply?
Proposals should be developed in cooperation with the lead agency for LWCF in each state. The full funding opportunity announcement and pre-application materials are available online at grants.gov. Please look for Funding Opportunity Number P16AS00065; Title: Land and Water Conservation Fund Outdoor Recreation Legacy Partnership Program.
When is the deadline for applications?
Applications are due on Friday, May 20, 2016.
I’ll write a post and think this is great, thinking it will get tons of readers and it doesn’t. The other day I wrote post that I thought was sort of OK, but not great, and it got the largest readership ever.
The post Monday, April 27 was one of the most earth shattering decisions in outdoor recreation in over a decade. Yet it received almost 20% less hits then the week before. You all have indemnification clauses in your release and to date they have all been nullified by the court. Now there is a decisions that supports indemnification clauses with great legal language.
I need to know more about you. If I am to write what you need to know, and want to know, I need to know more about you. I’m developing a Friday Poll. Every Friday, for awhile, (or until I’m so confused I don’t know what I’m doing). I’m going to ask a question or two about you. You won’t get anything for answering except hopefully, posts that you want.
Here is the first one. Please answer so I know more about you. Click on your profession below.
If you profession is not listed here, email me and let me know. email@example.com